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root (n.)

"植物的地下部分",晚期的古英语 rot ,来自斯堪的纳维亚语源,类似于古北欧语 rot "根",形象地说是"原因、起源",来自于原日耳曼语 *wrot (来源也是古英语 wyrt "根、草本、植物",古高德语 wurz ,德语 Wurz "一种植物",哥特语 waurts "一种根",在 -r- 之前有斯堪的纳维亚语特有的失 -w- ),来自于PIE根 *wrād- "分支、根"。通常古英语的"根"字是 wyrttrumawyrtwala

形象化使用是从13世纪.牙齿、头发等的,从13世纪初开始 数学意义是从1550年代开始的。语言学意义从1520年代开始。意为"阴茎"的俚语从1846年开始记录。在非洲裔美国人的方言中,"根的神奇特性所影响的咒语",1935年。对 take root 来自1530年代。 Root beer ,由各种根的提取物制成,最早记载于1841年,美国英语; root doctor 来自1821年。 Root cap 来自1875年。

root (v.1)

"dig with the snout",1530年代,来自中英语 wroten "用鼻子挖",来自古英语 wrotan "扎根",来自原日耳曼语 *wrot- (来源也是古北欧语 rota ,瑞典语 rota "挖出来,扎根",中低德语 wroten ,中荷兰语 wroeten ,古高德语 ruozian "耕耘"),来自PIE根 *wrod- "扎根,啃"。

与动词义 root (n.)相关联。扩展意义为"戳一戳,撬一撬",最早记录于1831年。短语 root hog or die "工作或失败"最早见于1834年,美国英语(在戴维-克罗克特的作品中,他指出这是一种"老话")。重现形式 rootin' tootin' "吵闹、漫不经心"从1875年开始记录。

root (v.2)

"加油,支持",1889年,美式英语,原为棒球语境,可能来自 root (v.1)经中间义"学习,努力工作"(1856)。相关链接: Rooted ; rooting .

root (v.3)

"用根固定或牢固地附着"(常作比喻),13世纪初,出自 root (n.);"用根拔起"的意义(现在通常是 uproot )也是14世纪末的相关: Rooted ; rooting

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Definitions of root from WordNet
1
root (n.)
(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground;
root (n.)
the place where something begins, where it springs into being;
communism's Russian root
Synonyms: beginning / origin / rootage / source
root (n.)
(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;
Synonyms: root word / base / stem / theme / radical
root (n.)
a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of times, equals a given number;
root (n.)
the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation;
Synonyms: solution
root (n.)
someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent);
Synonyms: ancestor / ascendant / ascendent / antecedent
root (n.)
a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes;
Synonyms: etymon
root (n.)
the embedded part of a bodily structure such as a tooth, nail, or hair;
2
root (v.)
take root and begin to grow;
this plant roots quickly
root (v.)
come into existence, originate;
The problem roots in her depression
root (v.)
cheer for;
She roots for the Broncos
root (v.)
plant by the roots;
root (v.)
dig with the snout;
the pig was rooting for truffles
Synonyms: rout / rootle
root (v.)
become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style;
Synonyms: settle / take root / steady down / settle down
root (v.)
cause to take roots;
From wordnet.princeton.edu