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right (adj.1)

“道德上正确的”, 古英语 riht “公正, 良好, 公平; 适当, 合适; 笔直, 不弯曲, 直接, 直立”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *rehtan (也是古弗里斯兰语 riucht “正确的”, 古撒克逊语 reht, 中荷兰语和荷兰语 recht, 古高德语 reht, 德语 recht, 古北欧语 rettr, 哥特语 raihts), 来自于PIE根 *reg- “直线移动”, 也是“统治, 直率, 正确” (也是希腊语 orektos “伸展, 直立.” 拉丁文 rectus “直的, 正确的;” 古波斯文 rasta- “直的; 正确的”, aršta- “rectitude”; 古爱尔兰文 recht “法的;” 威尔士文 rhaith, 布列塔尼文 reiz “公正, 正直, 明智” ).)

比较俚语 straight (adj. 1) “诚实, 道德上正直”, 拉丁语 rectus “right”, 字面意思是“直”, 立陶宛语 teisus “right, true”, 字面意思是“直”. 希腊语 dikaios “公正” (在道德和法律意义上) 来自 dike “习俗”. 作为强调语, 意为“你是对的”, 记载于1580年代; 用作疑问语, 意为“我不对吗?” 是1961年的.

意思是在 right whale (到1733年) 在字典中被说成是“名正言顺”; 这个词最早的来源, 在新英格兰捕鲸出版物中, 把它列在鲸鱼中的第一位, 并把其他鲸鱼与它相提并论. Right stuff “人类最佳食材” 出自1848年, 由汤姆-沃尔夫1979年出版的关于第一批宇航员的书所普及. Right of way 是证自1767年. Right angle 是来自14世纪末

right (adj.2)

“左手的反面”, 12世纪初, riht, 源于古英语 riht, 没有这个意思, 而是指“好的, 适当的, 合适的, 直的” (见 right (adj. 1) ). 这个概念是将右手作为“正确” 的手. 通常的古英语词汇是 swiþra, 字面意思是“更强壮”. “'右'和'左'的词的历史表明, 它们主要是用来指手的” [巴克]. 荷兰语 recht, 德语 recht “右(不是左)”, 从古高德语 reht, 也有类似的意义演变, 其意思只是“直的, 公正的”. 比较拉丁文 rectus “直的; 对的”, 也来自同一个PIE根.

通常的PIE词根(*dek-) 由拉丁文 dexter (见 dexterity) 表示. 与英语 right 模式相似的其他派生词有法语 droit, 来自拉丁语 directus “直”; 立陶宛语 labas, 字面意思是“好”; 斯拉夫语词(波西米亚语 pravy, 波兰语 prawy, 俄语 pravyj) 来自旧教会斯拉夫语 pravu, 字面意思是“直”, 来自PIE *pro-, 来自词根 *per- (1) “向前”, 因此是“在前面, 在前面, 第一, 首席”.

“保守” 的政治意义最早见于1794年(adj.), 1825年(n.) 的记载, 是法国 Droit “右翼, 保守党” 在法国国民议会中的译名(1789年; 见 left (adj.) ).

right (v.)

古英语 rihtan “整顿, 统治, 设置, 拨乱反正, 修正; 指导, 治理; 恢复, 替换”, 出自 riht (adj.); 见 right (adj. 1). 比较古北欧语 retta “to straighten”, 古撒克逊语 rihtian, 古弗里斯语 riuchta, 德语 richten, 哥特语 garaihtjan. 相关: Righted; righting.

right (n.)

古英语 riht (西撒克逊语, 肯特语), reht (盎格鲁语), “那是道德上正确的, 责任, 义务”, 也是“行为规则; 一个国家的法律”; 也是“某人应得的东西; 公正的要求, 应得的东西; 正确性, 真理; 法律上的权利, 特权”, 来自 right (adj. 1) 的词根. 意为“正确的” (与左派相对) 是从13世纪中叶开始的; 政治用途从1825年开始. 14世纪初起作“正确的行动, 善行”. 意为“用右拳击打”, 出自1898年. 短语 to rights “立刻, 直截了当” 是16世纪60年代, 从意义上说是“以适当的方式” (中英).

right (adv.)

古英语 rehte, rihte “以直截了当或直接的方式”, 来自 right (adj. 1). Right on! 作为赞叹词最早记录于1925年的非裔美国人的方言, 60年代中期由黑豹运动流行.

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Definitions of right from WordNet
1
right (adj.)
(of the side of cloth or clothing) facing or intended to face outward;
the right side of the cloth showed the pattern
be sure your shirt is right side out
right (adj.)
(informal) very; used informally as an intensifier;
a right fine day
Synonyms: one
right (adj.)
being or located on or directed toward the side of the body to the east when facing north;
the right bank of a river is the bank on your right side when you are facing downstream
my right hand
a right-hand turn
right center field
right (adj.)
free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth;
the right decision
took the right road
the right answer
Synonyms: correct
right (adj.)
socially right or correct;
it isn't right to leave the party without saying goodbye
Synonyms: correct
right (adj.)
in conformance with justice or law or morality;
do the right thing and confess
right (adj.)
correct in opinion or judgment;
time proved him right
Synonyms: correct
right (adj.)
appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs;
the right man for the job
Synonyms: proper
right (adj.)
of or belonging to the political or intellectual right;
right (adj.)
in or into a satisfactory condition;
things are right again now
put things right
right (adj.)
in accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure;
the right way to open oysters
what's the right word for this?
Synonyms: correct
right (adj.)
having the axis perpendicular to the base;
a right angle
right (adj.)
most suitable or right for a particular purpose;
the right time to act
Synonyms: good / ripe
right (adj.)
precisely accurate;
Synonyms: veracious
2
right (adv.)
precisely, exactly;
stand right here!
right (adv.)
immediately;
she called right after dinner
right (adv.)
exactly;
Synonyms: flop
right (adv.)
toward or on the right; also used figuratively;
he looked right and left
the party has moved right
right (adv.)
in the right manner; correctly; suitably;
Synonyms: properly / decently / decent
right (adv.)
an interjection expressing agreement;
Synonyms: right on
right (adv.)
(Southern regional intensive) very; to a great degree;
they have a right nice place
Synonyms: mighty / mightily / powerful
right (adv.)
in accordance with moral or social standards;
that serves him right
do right by him
Synonyms: justly
right (adv.)
in an accurate manner;
he guessed right
Synonyms: correctly / aright
right (adv.)
to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly');
he fell right into the trap
she felt right at home
3
right (n.)
an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature; "Certain rights can never be granted to the government but must be kept in the hands of the people"- Eleanor Roosevelt; "a right is not something that somebody gives you; it is something that nobody can take away";
right (n.)
location near or direction toward the right side; i.e. the side to the south when a person or object faces east;
he stood on the right
right (n.)
the piece of ground in the outfield on the catcher's right;
Synonyms: right field / rightfield
right (n.)
those who support political or social or economic conservatism; those who believe that things are better left unchanged;
Synonyms: right wing
right (n.)
the hand that is on the right side of the body;
he writes with his right hand but pitches with his left
hit him with quick rights to the body
Synonyms: right hand
right (n.)
a turn toward the side of the body that is on the south when the person is facing east;
take a right at the corner
right (n.)
anything in accord with principles of justice;
he feels he is in the right
Synonyms: rightfulness
right (n.)
(frequently plural) the interest possessed by law or custom in some intangible thing;
film rights
mineral rights
4
right (v.)
make reparations or amends for;
right a wrongs done to the victims of the Holocaust
Synonyms: compensate / redress / correct
right (v.)
put in or restore to an upright position;
They righted the sailboat that had capsized
right (v.)
regain an upright or proper position;
The capsized boat righted again
right (v.)
make right or correct;
Synonyms: correct / rectify
From wordnet.princeton.edu