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right (adj.1)

"道德上正确的",古英语 riht "公正、良好、公平;适当、合适;笔直、不弯曲、直接、直立",来自于原日耳曼语 *rehtan (也是古弗里斯兰语 riucht "正确的"、古撒克逊语 reht 、中荷兰语和荷兰语 recht 、古高德语 reht 、德语 recht 、古北欧语 rettr 、哥特语 raihts ),来自于PIE根 *reg- "直线移动",也是"统治、直率、正确"(也是希腊语 orektos "伸展、直立。" 拉丁文 rectus "直的,正确的;"古波斯文 rasta- "直的;正确的", aršta- "rectitude";古爱尔兰文 recht "法的;"威尔士文 rhaith ,布列塔尼文 reiz "公正,正直,明智")。)

比较俚语 straight (adj.1)"诚实,道德上正直",拉丁语 rectus "right",字面意思是"直",立陶宛语 teisus "right,true",字面意思是"直"。希腊语 dikaios "公正"(在道德和法律意义上)来自 dike "习俗"。作为强调语,意为"你是对的",记载于1580年代;用作疑问语,意为"我不对吗?"是1961年的。

意思是在 right whale (到1733年)在字典中被说成是"名正言顺";这个词最早的来源,在新英格兰捕鲸出版物中,把它列在鲸鱼中的第一位,并把其他鲸鱼与它相提并论。 Right stuff "人类最佳食材"出自1848年,由汤姆-沃尔夫1979年出版的关于第一批宇航员的书所普及。 Right of way 是证自1767年。 Right angle 是来自14世纪末

right (adj.2)

"左手的反面",12世纪初, riht ,源于古英语 riht ,没有这个意思,而是指"好的、适当的、合适的、直的"(见 right (adj.1))。这个概念是将右手作为"正确"的手。通常的古英语词汇是 swiþra ,字面意思是"更强壮"。"'右'和'左'的词的历史表明,它们主要是用来指手的"[巴克]。荷兰语 recht ,德语 recht "右(不是左)",从古高德语 reht ,也有类似的意义演变,其意思只是"直的,公正的"。比较拉丁文 rectus "直的;对的",也来自同一个PIE根。

通常的PIE词根( *dek- )由拉丁文 dexter (见 dexterity )表示。与英语 right 模式相似的其他派生词有法语 droit ,来自拉丁语 directus "直";立陶宛语 labas ,字面意思是"好";斯拉夫语词(波西米亚语 pravy ,波兰语 prawy ,俄语 pravyj )来自旧教会斯拉夫语 pravu ,字面意思是"直",来自PIE *pro- ,来自词根 *per- (1)"向前",因此是"在前面,在前面,第一,首席"。

"保守"的政治意义最早见于1794年(adj.)、1825年(n.)的记载,是法国 Droit "右翼、保守党"在法国国民议会中的译名(1789年;见 left (adj.))。

right (v.)

古英语 rihtan "整顿、统治、设置、拨乱反正、修正;指导、治理;恢复、替换",出自 riht ( adj.);见 right ( adj.1)。比较古北欧语 retta "to straighten",古撒克逊语 rihtian ,古弗里斯语 riuchta ,德语 richten ,哥特语 garaihtjan 。相关: Righted ; righting .

right (n.)

古英语 riht (西撒克逊语、肯特语), reht (盎格鲁语),"那是道德上正确的、责任、义务",也是"行为规则;一个国家的法律";也是"某人应得的东西;公正的要求,应得的东西;正确性、真理;法律上的权利、特权",来自 right (adj.1)的词根。意为"正确的"(与左派相对)是从13世纪中叶开始的;政治用途从1825年开始。14世纪初起作"正确的行动,善行"。意为"用右拳击打",出自1898年。短语 to rights "立刻,直截了当"是16世纪60年代,从意义上说是"以适当的方式"(中英)。

right (adv.)

古英语 rehterihte "以直截了当或直接的方式",来自 right (adj.1)。 Right on! 作为赞叹词最早记录于1925年的非裔美国人的方言,60年代中期由黑豹运动流行。

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Definitions of right from WordNet
1
right (adj.)
(of the side of cloth or clothing) facing or intended to face outward;
the right side of the cloth showed the pattern
be sure your shirt is right side out
right (adj.)
(informal) very; used informally as an intensifier;
a right fine day
Synonyms: one
right (adj.)
being or located on or directed toward the side of the body to the east when facing north;
the right bank of a river is the bank on your right side when you are facing downstream
my right hand
a right-hand turn
right center field
right (adj.)
free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth;
the right decision
took the right road
the right answer
Synonyms: correct
right (adj.)
socially right or correct;
it isn't right to leave the party without saying goodbye
Synonyms: correct
right (adj.)
in conformance with justice or law or morality;
do the right thing and confess
right (adj.)
correct in opinion or judgment;
time proved him right
Synonyms: correct
right (adj.)
appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs;
the right man for the job
Synonyms: proper
right (adj.)
of or belonging to the political or intellectual right;
right (adj.)
in or into a satisfactory condition;
things are right again now
put things right
right (adj.)
in accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure;
the right way to open oysters
what's the right word for this?
Synonyms: correct
right (adj.)
having the axis perpendicular to the base;
a right angle
right (adj.)
most suitable or right for a particular purpose;
the right time to act
Synonyms: good / ripe
right (adj.)
precisely accurate;
Synonyms: veracious
2
right (adv.)
precisely, exactly;
stand right here!
right (adv.)
immediately;
she called right after dinner
right (adv.)
exactly;
Synonyms: flop
right (adv.)
toward or on the right; also used figuratively;
he looked right and left
the party has moved right
right (adv.)
in the right manner; correctly; suitably;
Synonyms: properly / decently / decent
right (adv.)
an interjection expressing agreement;
Synonyms: right on
right (adv.)
(Southern regional intensive) very; to a great degree;
they have a right nice place
Synonyms: mighty / mightily / powerful
right (adv.)
in accordance with moral or social standards;
that serves him right
do right by him
Synonyms: justly
right (adv.)
in an accurate manner;
he guessed right
Synonyms: correctly / aright
right (adv.)
to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly');
he fell right into the trap
she felt right at home
3
right (n.)
an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature; "Certain rights can never be granted to the government but must be kept in the hands of the people"- Eleanor Roosevelt; "a right is not something that somebody gives you; it is something that nobody can take away";
right (n.)
location near or direction toward the right side; i.e. the side to the south when a person or object faces east;
he stood on the right
right (n.)
the piece of ground in the outfield on the catcher's right;
Synonyms: right field / rightfield
right (n.)
those who support political or social or economic conservatism; those who believe that things are better left unchanged;
Synonyms: right wing
right (n.)
the hand that is on the right side of the body;
he writes with his right hand but pitches with his left
hit him with quick rights to the body
Synonyms: right hand
right (n.)
a turn toward the side of the body that is on the south when the person is facing east;
take a right at the corner
right (n.)
anything in accord with principles of justice;
he feels he is in the right
Synonyms: rightfulness
right (n.)
(frequently plural) the interest possessed by law or custom in some intangible thing;
film rights
mineral rights
4
right (v.)
make reparations or amends for;
right a wrongs done to the victims of the Holocaust
Synonyms: compensate / redress / correct
right (v.)
put in or restore to an upright position;
They righted the sailboat that had capsized
right (v.)
regain an upright or proper position;
The capsized boat righted again
right (v.)
make right or correct;
Synonyms: correct / rectify
From wordnet.princeton.edu