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revolution (n.)

14世纪末, 原为天体, 源于古法语 revolucion “当然, 革命(天体)” (13世纪), 或直接源于拉丁语晚期 revolutionem (名词 revolutio) “旋转的”, 动作名词源于拉丁语 revolvere “转身, 滚回去” 的过去分词干(见 revolve).

一般意义上的“事务巨变的实例” 从15世纪中叶开始记载 政治意义上的“推翻既定的政治制度” 最早记载于17世纪, 源于法语, 特别适用于1688年詹姆士二世统治下的斯图亚特王朝被驱逐, 主权移交给威廉和玛丽.

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Definitions of revolution from WordNet

revolution (n.)
a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving;
the industrial revolution was also a cultural revolution
revolution (n.)
the overthrow of a government by those who are governed;
revolution (n.)
a single complete turn (axial or orbital);
the revolution of the earth about the sun takes one year
Synonyms: rotation / gyration
From wordnet.princeton.edu