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responsible (adj.)

1590年代, “可回答的” (对他人, 对某事), 来自过时的法语 responsible (13世纪, 现代法语 responsable, 仿佛来自拉丁语 *responsabilis), 来自拉丁语 respons-, respondere 的过去分词干“回应, 回答, 承诺回报”, 来自 re- “回” (见 re-) + spondere “承诺” (见 sponsor (n.) ).

“对自己的行为负责” 的意思是1640年代的证据; “可靠, 值得信赖” 的意思是1690年代的证据. 它保留了拉丁文词根中的“义务” 之意. 相关内容: Responsibly.

Origin and meaning of responsible

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Definitions of responsible from WordNet

responsible (adj.)
being the agent or cause;
determined who was the responsible party
termites were responsible for the damage
Synonyms: responsible for
responsible (adj.)
worthy of or requiring responsibility or trust; or held accountable;
a responsible position
responsible journalism
a responsible adult
the captain is responsible for the ship's safety
the cabinet is responsible to the parliament
responsible (adj.)
having an acceptable credit rating;
a responsible borrower
Synonyms: creditworthy
From wordnet.princeton.edu