Etymology
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respect (n.)

14世纪晚期, “关系, 关系; 考虑, 考虑”, 来自古法语 respect, 直接来自拉丁语 respectus “考虑, 看一看”, 字面意思是“回望(或经常) 一个人的行为”, 名词使用 respicere “回望, 考虑, 考虑” 的过去分词, 来自 re- “回望” (见 re-) + specere “看一看” (来自PIE根 *spek- “观察” ). 意思是“因某人或某物的行动或属性而激发的尊敬感; 因个人价值或权力而受到的礼貌或体贴的对待” 是1580年代的意思, “点, 特殊特征” 的意义也是如此.

Origin and meaning of respect

respect (v.)

1540s, “特别注意地看待, 注意”, 来自法语 respecter “回首; 尊重; 延迟”, 来自拉丁文 respectere, 常出现的 respicere “回首, 看待, 考虑”, 来自 re- “回首” (见 re-) + specere “看” (来自PIE根 *spek- “观察” ).

意为“以恭敬的态度或尊敬的态度对待, 以某种程度的尊敬来看待”, 出自1550年代. 意思是“不伤害或干涉”, 来自1620年代. 意思是“有参考, 有关系”, 来自1560年代. 相关链接: Respected; respecting.

respect the person, 是“基于对一个人的外在环境的考虑, 对其表现出不适当的偏见(或反对);” 因此. respecter of persons, 通常带否定词, 出自1611年译本《使徒行传》十章34节.

Origin and meaning of respect

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Definitions of respect
1
respect (n.)
(usually preceded by `in') a detail or point;
it differs in that respect
Synonyms: regard
respect (n.)
the condition of being honored (esteemed or respected or well regarded);
Synonyms: esteem / regard
respect (n.)
an attitude of admiration or esteem;
she lost all respect for him
Synonyms: esteem / regard
respect (n.)
a courteous expression (by word or deed) of esteem or regard;
be sure to give my respects to the dean
Synonyms: deference
respect (n.)
behavior intended to please your parents;
he went to law school out of respect for his father's wishes
Synonyms: obedience
respect (n.)
a feeling of friendship and esteem;
he inspires respect
Synonyms: regard
respect (n.)
courteous regard for people's feelings;
out of respect for his privacy
Synonyms: deference / respectfulness
2
respect (v.)
regard highly; think much of;
I respect his judgement
Synonyms: esteem / value / prize / prise
respect (v.)
show respect towards;
Synonyms: honor / honour / abide by / observe
From wordnet.princeton.edu