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research (n.)

1570年代, “仔细搜索的行为”, 来自法语 recerche (1530年代, 现代法语 recherche), 由古法语 recercher (见 research (v.) )回形. 意为“科学探究”, 最早见于1630年代. 词组 research and development 是1923年开始记录的.

research (v.)

1590年代, 源于法语 recercher, 来自古法语 recercher “寻找, 仔细搜索”, 来自 re-, 强化前缀(见 re-), + cercher “寻找”, 来自拉丁语 circare “走来走去, 游荡, 穿越”, 在晚期拉丁语中, “游荡到哪里, 哪里”, 来自 circus “圈子” (见 circus). 相关: Researched; researching.

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Definitions of research from WordNet
1
research (v.)
attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner;
The student researched the history of that word
research (v.)
inquire into;
the students had to research the history of the Second World War for their history project
Synonyms: search / explore
2
research (n.)
systematic investigation to establish facts;
research (n.)
a search for knowledge;
their pottery deserves more research than it has received
Synonyms: inquiry / enquiry
From wordnet.princeton.edu