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republic (n.)

17世纪 ,"最高权力通过民选代表掌握在人民手中的国家",来自法语 république ( 15世纪),来自拉丁语 respublica (ablative republica )"the common weal, a commonwealth, state, republic",字面意思是 res publica "公共利益,国家",来自 res "affair, matter, thing"(见 re )+ publicapublicus "public"(见 public (adj.))的女性。 Republic of letters ,1702年考证。

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Definitions of republic from WordNet

republic (n.)
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them;
Synonyms: democracy / commonwealth
republic (n.)
a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch;
the head of state in a republic is usually a president
From wordnet.princeton.edu