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republic (n.)

17世纪, “最高权力通过民选代表掌握在人民手中的国家”, 来自法语 république (15世纪), 来自拉丁语 respublica (ablative republica) “the common weal, a commonwealth, state, republic”, 字面意思是 res publica “公共利益, 国家”, 来自 res “affair, matter, thing” (见 re) + publica, publicus “public” (见 public (adj.) )的女性. Republic of letters, 1702年考证.

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Definitions of republic from WordNet

republic (n.)
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them;
Synonyms: democracy / commonwealth
republic (n.)
a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch;
the head of state in a republic is usually a president
From wordnet.princeton.edu