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repent (v.)

14世纪, “对罪过或罪行感到后悔, 从而修正生活”, 来自古法语 repentir (11世纪), 来自 re-, 这里可能是一个强化前缀(见 re-), +古拉丁语 *penitire “后悔”, 来自拉丁语 poenitire “抱歉”, 来自 poena (见 penal). regret (q. v.) 和 repent 之间的区别在许多现代语言中都有, 但在较早的时期并不存在这种区别. 也是从14世纪开始, 在中英语和之后的非人称反义中, 特别是作为 (it) repenteth (我, 他等).

And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
[Genesis vi. 6, KJV, 1611]

相关链接: Repented; repenting.

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Definitions of repent

repent (v.)
turn away from sin or do penitence;
Synonyms: atone
repent (v.)
feel remorse for; feel sorry for; be contrite about;
Synonyms: regret / rue
From wordnet.princeton.edu