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repent (v.)

14世纪,"对罪过或罪行感到后悔,从而修正生活",来自古法语 repentir (11世纪),来自 re- ,这里可能是一个强化前缀(见 re- ),+古拉丁语 *penitire "后悔",来自拉丁语 poenitire "抱歉",来自 poena (见 penal )。 regret (q.v.) 和 repent 之间的区别在许多现代语言中都有,但在较早的时期并不存在这种区别。也是从14世纪开始,在中英语和之后的非人称反义中,特别是作为 (it) repenteth (我、他等)。

And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
[Genesis vi.6, KJV, 1611]

相关链接: Repented ; repenting

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Definitions of repent from WordNet

repent (v.)
turn away from sin or do penitence;
Synonyms: atone
repent (v.)
feel remorse for; feel sorry for; be contrite about;
Synonyms: regret / rue
From wordnet.princeton.edu