religion (n.)

13世纪, “受修道院誓言约束的生活状态”, 也是“表示相信神力的行为”, 来自英法 religiun (11世纪), 古法语 religion “虔诚, 奉献. 宗教团体”, 又直接从拉丁文 religionem (名词 religio) “对神圣的东西的尊重, 对神灵的敬畏; 良心, 权利感, 道德义务; 对神灵的敬畏; 神圣的服务, 宗教的遵守; 一种宗教, 一种信仰, 一种崇拜, 崇拜的方式; 神圣, 圣洁”, 晚期拉丁文“修道院生活” (5世纪).

据西塞罗引申为 relegere “再次经历” (在阅读或思想中), 来自 re- “再次” (见 re-) + legere “阅读” (见 lecture (n.) ). 然而, 后世古人(Servius, Lactantius, Augustine) 中流行的词源学和许多现代作家的解释将其与 religare “快速绑定” (见 rely) 联系起来, 通过“将义务置于” 或“人与神之间的纽带” 的概念. 在这种情况下, re- 将是密集的. 另一个可能的起源是 religiens “小心”, 与 negligens 相反. 在英语中, 意思是“特定的信仰体系”, 记录于14世纪; “对更高的, 看不见的力量或权力的承认和生活方式的忠诚(被认为是正当的)” 的意义来自1530年代.

To hold, therefore, that there is no difference in matters of religion between forms that are unlike each other, and even contrary to each other, most clearly leads in the end to the rejection of all religion in both theory and practice. And this is the same thing as atheism, however it may differ from it in name. [Pope Leo XIII, Immortale Dei, 1885]

Origin and meaning of religion

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Definitions of religion from WordNet

religion (n.)
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny;
Synonyms: faith / religious belief
religion (n.)
an institution to express belief in a divine power;
he was raised in the Baptist religion
Synonyms: faith / organized religion