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read (v.)

古英语 rædan (西撒克逊语), redan (盎格鲁语)"建议、劝告、说服;讨论、商议;规则、指导;安排、装备;预示;阅读、解释;通过阅读学习;整理"(与 rædred "建议"有关),来自古日耳曼语 *redan (也是古北欧语 raða ,古弗里斯兰语 reda ,荷兰语 raden ,古高德语 ratan ,德语 raten "建议、劝告、猜测"的来源),来自PIE词根 *re- "推理、计算"。在大多数现代日耳曼语言中,来自这个词根的词仍有"劝告、建议"的意思(比较 rede )。通过"解释"的概念与 riddle (n.1)相连。

"弄清(一个人)的性格"的意义是从1610年代开始被证实的。转移到"理解书面符号的含义"是古英语和(也许是受英语的影响)古北欧语独有的 raða 。大多数语言使用一个植根于"聚集"概念的词作为其"阅读"的词(如法语 lire ,来自拉丁语 legere )。 Read up "学习"是1842年的; read out (v.)"用公告驱逐"(Society of Friends)是1788年的。计算机行话中的 read-only 是1961年的记录。

read (n.)

"一种阅读行为",1825年,来自 read (五)。

read (adj.)

1580年代,"有从阅读中获得的知识",在 well-read ,等,过去分词形容词来自 read (v. )。

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Definitions of read from WordNet
1
read (v.)
interpret something that is written or printed;
read the advertisement
Have you read Salman Rushdie?
read (v.)
have or contain a certain wording or form;
The passage reads as follows
Synonyms: say
read (v.)
look at, interpret, and say out loud something that is written or printed;
The King will read the proclamation at noon
read (v.)
obtain data from magnetic tapes or other digital sources;
This dictionary can be read by the computer
Synonyms: scan
read (v.)
interpret the significance of, as of palms, tea leaves, intestines, the sky; also of human behavior;
She read the sky and predicted rain
The fortune teller read his fate in the crystal ball
I can't read his strange behavior
read (v.)
interpret something in a certain way; convey a particular meaning or impression;
I read this address as a satire
Synonyms: take
read (v.)
be a student of a certain subject;
She is reading for the bar exam
Synonyms: learn / study / take
read (v.)
indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments;
The gauge read `empty'
Synonyms: register / show / record
read (v.)
audition for a stage role by reading parts of a role;
read (v.)
to hear and understand;
I read you loud and clear!
read (v.)
make sense of a language;
Can you read Greek?
2
read (n.)
something that is read;
the article was a very good read
From wordnet.princeton.edu