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read (v.)

古英语 ræ dan (西撒克逊语), redan (盎格鲁语) “建议, 劝告, 说服; 讨论, 商议; 规则, 指导; 安排, 装备; 预示; 阅读, 解释; 通过阅读学习; 整理” (与 ræ d, red “建议” 有关), 来自古日耳曼语 *redan (也是古北欧语 rað a, 古弗里斯兰语 reda, 荷兰语 raden, 古高德语 ratan, 德语 raten “建议, 劝告, 猜测” 的来源), 来自PIE词根 *re- “推理, 计算”. 在大多数现代日耳曼语言中, 来自这个词根的词仍有“劝告, 建议” 的意思(比较 rede). 通过“解释” 的概念与 riddle (n. 1) 相连.

“弄清(一个人) 的性格” 的意义是从1610年代开始被证实的. 转移到“理解书面符号的含义” 是古英语和(也许是受英语的影响) 古北欧语独有的 rað a. 大多数语言使用一个植根于“聚集” 概念的词作为其“阅读” 的词(如法语 lire, 来自拉丁语 legere). Read up “学习” 是1842年的; read out (v.) “用公告驱逐” (Society of Friends) 是1788年的. 计算机行话中的 read-only 是1961年的记录.

read (n.)

“一种阅读行为”, 1825年, 来自 read (五).

read (adj.)

1580年代, “有从阅读中获得的知识”, 在 well-read, 等, 过去分词形容词来自 read (v.).

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Definitions of read
1
read (v.)
interpret something that is written or printed;
read the advertisement
Have you read Salman Rushdie?
read (v.)
have or contain a certain wording or form;
The passage reads as follows
Synonyms: say
read (v.)
look at, interpret, and say out loud something that is written or printed;
The King will read the proclamation at noon
read (v.)
obtain data from magnetic tapes or other digital sources;
This dictionary can be read by the computer
Synonyms: scan
read (v.)
interpret the significance of, as of palms, tea leaves, intestines, the sky; also of human behavior;
She read the sky and predicted rain
The fortune teller read his fate in the crystal ball
I can't read his strange behavior
read (v.)
interpret something in a certain way; convey a particular meaning or impression;
I read this address as a satire
Synonyms: take
read (v.)
be a student of a certain subject;
She is reading for the bar exam
Synonyms: learn / study / take
read (v.)
indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments;
The gauge read `empty'
Synonyms: register / show / record
read (v.)
audition for a stage role by reading parts of a role;
read (v.)
to hear and understand;
I read you loud and clear!
read (v.)
make sense of a language;
Can you read Greek?
2
read (n.)
something that is read;
the article was a very good read
From wordnet.princeton.edu