Advertisement

rape (v.)

14世纪末,"抓住猎物;绑架,强行带走",来自 rape (n.)和英法 raper (古法语 rapir )"抓住,绑架",是一个法律术语,可能来自拉丁文 rapere 的过去分词"抓住,强行带走,绑架"(见 rapid )。

拉丁文 rapere ,用于"性侵犯",但只在极少数情况下使用;通常的拉丁文 stuprare "玷污、蹂躏、侵犯",与 stuprum (n.)有关,字面意思是"耻辱"。意为"诱拐(女人),蹂躏;"也有"勾引(男人)"的意思,是15世纪初的英语。相关链接: Raped ; raping 。不确定与低德文和荷兰文 rapen 同义。

rape (n.1)

14世纪初,"战利品、猎物";14世纪中叶,"武力夺取;掠夺、抢劫、勒索",来自英法 raprape ,直接来自拉丁文 rapere "夺取"(见 rape (v.))。意为"绑架妇女或对其进行性侵犯或两者兼而有之的行为",出自15世纪初,但在英拉丁语中可能是13世纪末。

rape (n.2)

一种十字花科植物( Brassica napus ),14世纪晚期,来自古法语 rape ,来自拉丁语 raparapum "芜菁",与希腊语 hrapys "油菜"同源,古教会斯拉夫语 repa ,立陶宛语 ropė ,中荷兰语 roeve ,古高等德语 ruoba ,德语 Rübe "油菜,芜菁",可能是一个非IE词(de Vaan)的共同借用。通常用来喂羊,用它做的油可以用来做菜(见 canola )。

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of rape from WordNet
1
rape (n.)
Eurasian plant cultivated for its seed and as a forage crop;
Synonyms: colza / Brassica napus
rape (n.)
the act of despoiling a country in warfare;
Synonyms: rapine
rape (n.)
the crime of forcing a person to submit to sexual intercourse against his or her will;
2
rape (v.)
force (someone) to have sex against their will;
The woman was raped on her way home at night
rape (v.)
destroy and strip of its possession;
The soldiers raped the beautiful country
Synonyms: spoil / despoil / violate / plunder
From wordnet.princeton.edu