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queer (adj.)

16世纪, “奇怪的, 奇特的, 古怪的, 偏心的”, 来自苏格兰语, 也许来自低德语(不伦瑞克方言) queer “斜的, 偏离中心的”, 这与德语 quer “斜的, 反常的, 古怪的” 有关, 来自古高德语 twerh “斜的” (来自PIE根 *terkw- “扭曲” ). 关于所建议的意义演变, 比较 cross (adj.). 但OED以时间和意义为由反对这种词源学.

意思是“出现, 感觉, 或行为不是通常或正常的”, 到1781年. 通俗意义上的“对怀疑, 对诚实的怀疑” 是到1740年. 作为俚语名词, 到1812年为“假币”; 到 shove the queer (1859年) 为“传假币”. Queer Street (1811年) 为想象中的困难者和阴暗人物居住的地方.

“同性恋” 的意义由1922年得到证明; 这个意义上的名词是1935年, 来自形容词. 相关链接: Queerly. Queer studies 作为一门学术, 从1994年开始得到印证.

queer (v.)

“糟蹋, 毁坏”, 1812年, 俚语, 来自 queer (adj. 相关: Queered; queering. 更早的意思是“迷惑, 嘲笑, 嘲笑, 欺骗” (1790). 要 queer the pitch (1846年) 是指流动商人或表演者的行为(见 pitch (n. 1) ).

These wanderers, and those who are still seen occasionally in the back streets of the metropolis, are said to 'go a-pitching; ' the spot they select for their performance is their 'pitch, ' and any interruption of their feats, such as an accident, or the interference of a policeman, is said to 'queer the pitch, '—in other words, to spoil it. [Thomas Frost, “Circus Life and Circus Celebrities,” London, 1875]

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Definitions of queer from WordNet
1
queer (v.)
hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of;
Synonyms: thwart / spoil / scotch / foil / cross / frustrate / baffle / bilk
queer (v.)
put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position;
Synonyms: expose / scupper / endanger / peril
2
queer (adj.)
homosexual or arousing homosexual desires;
Synonyms: gay / homophile
queer (adj.)
beyond or deviating from the usual or expected;
something definitely queer about this town
Synonyms: curious / funny / odd / peculiar / rum / rummy / singular
3
queer (n.)
offensive term for a homosexual man;
Synonyms: fagot / faggot / fag / fairy / nance / pansy / queen / poof / poove / pouf
From wordnet.princeton.edu