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quarantine (n.)

1660年代,"怀疑携带传染病的船只被隔离的时期",来自意大利语 quaranta giorni ,字面意思是"四十天的空间",来自 quaranta "四十",来自拉丁语 quadraginta "四十"(与 quattuor "四"有关,来自PIE根 *kwetwer- "四")。

这个名字来自威尼斯的政策(1377年首次执行),即让来自瘟疫国家的船只在港口外等待40天,以确保船上没有潜伏的病例。另见 lazaretto 。任何时期的强制隔离"的延伸意义来自1670年代。

早先在英语中,这个词的意思是"40天的时期,在这40天里,一个寡妇有权留在她死去的丈夫的房子里"(1520年代),并且,如 quarentyne (15世纪),"沙漠中基督禁食40天",来自拉丁文 quadraginta "四十"。

quarantine (v.)

"put under quarantine"任何意义上的"隔离",也有形象化的意思,"隔离,如由当局隔离",1804年,来自 quarantine (n.)。相关链接: Quarantined ; quarantining; quarantinable

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Definitions of quarantine from WordNet
1
quarantine (n.)
enforced isolation of patients suffering from a contagious disease in order to prevent the spread of disease;
quarantine (n.)
isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease;
2
quarantine (v.)
place into enforced isolation, as for medical reasons;
My dog was quarantined before he could live in England
From wordnet.princeton.edu