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priest (n.)

中古英语 prēst ,"教士的级别低于主教,高于执事,教区牧师,"来自古英语 preost, ,这可能是由古撒克逊和古高德 prestar ,古弗里斯兰 prestere ,代表的更古老的日耳曼形式缩短的,都来自古拉丁语 *prester "牧师",来自晚期拉丁语 presbyter "长老,长者",来自希腊语 presbyteros "长者(两人中的),老的,尊贵的," presbys "老的"(见 presby- )的比较。

在中世纪英语中,也普遍用于任何担任教会高级职务的人或任何正式授权的神圣事物的部长;从13世纪的异教和穆斯林宗教领袖。在旧约意义上(旧英语),它是希伯来语 kohen ,希腊语 hiereus ,拉丁语 sacerdos 的翻译。

Origin and meaning of priest

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Definitions of priest from WordNet

priest (n.)
a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders;
priest (n.)
a person who performs religious duties and ceremonies in a non-Christian religion;
Synonyms: non-Christian priest
From wordnet.princeton.edu