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present (adj.)

14世纪, “与某人或某事同在一个地方;” 14世纪早期, “存在于当时”, 来自古法语 present “明显的, 在手边的, 触手可及的;” 作为名词, “现在的时间” (11世纪, 现代法语 présent), 直接来自拉丁语 praesentem (名词 praesens) “现在, 在手边, 在眼前. immediate; prompt, 即时; 当代,” 来自 præesse “be before(某人或某事), be at hand,” 的现在分词, 来自 prae- “before” (见 pre-) + esse “to be” (来自PIE词根 *es- “to be” ).

意思是“居住在指定的地方”, 来自14世纪中叶的英语. 作为表示动作或现在的语法时态, 从14世纪末开始记录.

present (v.)

14世纪, presenten, “正式或礼仪性地带入, 介绍(某人或某事);” 也“作正式的介绍; 作为礼物或奖赏; 赐予; 用礼物接近, 带到或摆在一个人面前接受.” 来自古法语 presenter (11世纪, 现代法语 présenter), 直接来自拉丁语 praesentare “放在面前, 展示, 展览”, 来自 praesens (见 present (adj.) )的词干.

从14世纪晚期起, 作为“展览(某物), 展示, 揭露, 提供检查, 陈列”; 在法律上, 也是“向当局指控, 提出正式申诉或不法行为指控”. 自15世纪作“代表, 描绘”. 相关链接: Presented; presenting. 至 present arms “把火器带到身体前面的垂直位置” 是到1759年.

present (n.1)

14世纪, “现在的时间, 现在过去的时间, 这个时间点” (与 pastfuture) 相对, 也是“在场的行为或事实; 某人周围空间的部分”, 来自古法语 present (n.) “现在的时间” (11世纪), 来自拉丁语 praesens “在那里” (见 present (adj.) ).

在中古英语中也有“某人周围的那部分空间” (14世纪中叶). 在古老的法律语中, these presents 意为“这些文件, 手中的文件” (14世纪末).

present (n.2)

13世纪, “提供的东西, 作为礼物提供或给予的东西”, 来自古法语 present, 直接来自中世纪拉丁语 presentia, 来自法语 en present “(提供) 当着”, mettre en present “放在面前, 给予” 等短语, 来自拉丁语 in re praesenti “在有关情况下”, 来自 praesens “在那里” (见 present (adj.), 比较 present (v.) ). 这个概念是指“被带到某人面前的东西”.

The difference between present and gift is felt in the fact that one may be willing to accept as a present that which he would not be willing to accept as a gift : a gift is to help the one receiving it; a present does him honor, or expresses friendly feeling toward him. A present is therefore ordinarily to an individual; but in law gift is used, to the exclusion of present, as including all transfers of property without consideration and for the benefit of the donee. [Century Dictionary]

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Definitions of present
1
present (v.)
give an exhibition of to an interested audience;
Synonyms: show / demo / exhibit / demonstrate
present (v.)
bring forward and present to the mind;
We presented the arguments to him
Synonyms: represent / lay out
present (v.)
perform (a play), especially on a stage;
Synonyms: stage / represent
present (v.)
hand over formally;
Synonyms: submit
present (v.)
introduce;
Synonyms: pose
present (v.)
give, especially as an honor or reward;
Synonyms: award
present (v.)
give as a present; make a gift of;
Synonyms: give / gift
present (v.)
deliver (a speech, oration, or idea);
The commencement speaker presented a forceful speech that impressed the students
Synonyms: deliver
present (v.)
cause to come to know personally;
Synonyms: introduce / acquaint
present (v.)
represent abstractly, for example in a painting, drawing, or sculpture;
Synonyms: portray
present (v.)
present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize;
Synonyms: confront / face
present (v.)
formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.;
present (v.)
recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation; assume a prescribed position;
Synonyms: salute
2
present (n.)
the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech;
he lives in the present with no thought of tomorrow
that is enough for the present
Synonyms: nowadays
present (n.)
something presented as a gift;
his tie was a present from his wife
present (n.)
a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking;
Synonyms: present tense
3
present (adj.)
temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration;
the present leader
the present topic
present observations
the present system
articles for present use
present (adj.)
being or existing in a specified place;
the murderer is present in this room
present at the wedding
present at the creation
From wordnet.princeton.edu