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power (n.)

14世纪, pouer, “能力; 行动或做事的能力; 力量, 活力, 威力”, 特别是在战斗中; “功效; 控制, 掌握, 主宰, 支配, 指挥或控制的能力或权利; 法定权力或权威; 授权. 军事力量, 军队,” 来自英法 pouair, 古法 povoir, 名词使用不定式, “能够”, 早期 podir (9世纪), 来自古拉丁文 *potere (也是西班牙文 poder, 意大利文 potere), 来自拉丁文 potis “强大的” (来自PIE根 *poti- “强大的; 领主” ).

Whatever some hypocritical ministers of government may say about it, power is the greatest of all pleasures. It seems to me that only love can beat it, and love is a happy illness that can't be picked up as easily as a Ministry. [Stendhal “de l'Amour,” 1822]

意为“有权力的人, 有权威的人或在社会上有很大影响的人” 14世纪末意为“一种特定的能力或能力” 15世纪初在机械学中, “用它可以完成工作”, 到1727年.

意为“无生命物的属性或改造其他事物的机构”, 是1590年代以前的事. 意为“关于国际权威或影响的国家或民族” [OED]是由1726年. “可用于工作的能量” 的含义是1727年的. 意思是“电力供应” 是从1896年开始的.

俗语 a power of 的“大量, 大量” 是1660年代的说法(比照 powerful). 词组 the powers that be “有关的当局” 出自罗马书十三章1节. 作为祝愿好运的语句. more power to (someone), 从1842年就有记载. 一个人的优势 power play 在冰上曲棍球中, 所以到1940年称为. Power failure “(电力) 供应故障” 是1911年的. power steering 在机动车是从1921年. Power politics “基于武力威胁或以武力威胁为后盾的政治行动” (1937年) 译为德文 Macht-politik.

Origin and meaning of power

power (v.)

“供电”, 1898年, 来自 power (n.). 更早的意思是“使强大” (1530年代). 相关链接: Powered; powering.

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Definitions of power from WordNet
1
power (n.)
possession of controlling influence;
the power of his love saved her
the deterrent power of nuclear weapons
Synonyms: powerfulness
power (n.)
(physics) the rate of doing work; measured in watts (= joules/second);
power (n.)
possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done;
danger heightened his powers of discrimination
Synonyms: ability
power (n.)
(of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power;
during his first year in power
the power of the president
Synonyms: office
power (n.)
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;
the mysterious presence of an evil power
Synonyms: force
power (n.)
a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;
Synonyms: exponent / index
power (n.)
physical strength;
Synonyms: might / mightiness
power (n.)
a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world;
Synonyms: world power / major power / great power / superpower
power (n.)
energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor;
The power went oout around midnight
Synonyms: electricity / electrical energy
power (n.)
a very wealthy or powerful businessman;
Synonyms: baron / big businessman / business leader / king / magnate / mogul / top executive / tycoon
2
power (v.)
supply the force or power for the functioning of;
The gasoline powers the engines
From wordnet.princeton.edu