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post (n.1)

“直立设置的相当大的木材”, 来自古英语 post “柱子, 门柱”, 以及来自古法语 post “柱子, 直立的梁”, 两者都来自拉丁语 postis “门, 柱子, 门柱”, 在中世纪的拉丁语中, “梁, 杆, 柱子”, 这也许是来自Vulgar拉丁语* por- “forth”, 是 pro- (见 pro-) + stare “站立” 的变体(来自PIE根 *sta- “站立, 使或稳固” ).

类似的化合物有梵文 prstham “背, 屋顶, 峰”, 阿维斯坦语 parshti “背”, 希腊语 pastas “房屋前的门廊, 柱廊”, 中高德语 virst “脊柱”, 立陶宛语 pirštas, 旧教会斯拉夫语 pristu “手指” (PIE *por-st-i-).

后来也是金属的. 到15世纪初, 作为一种坚硬, 无生命力, 聋哑的类型

post (n.2)

“值班时的站, 固定的位置或地点”, 1590年代, 来自法语 poste “一个人驻扎的地方”, 也有“驿马的站” (16世纪), 来自意大利语 posto “驿站, 站”, 来自古拉丁语 *postum, 来自拉丁语 positum, ponere 的中性过去分词“放置, 放” (见 position (n.) ). 英语中最早的意义是军事; “工作, 位置, 职务” 的意思在1690年代就有证明. 军事意义上的“堡垒, 部队的永久驻地” 是到1703年.

post (n.3)

邮件系统]16世纪, “骑手和马匹间隔张贴”, 以提供直接和快速的信息和信件的通信, 从 post (n. 2) 的骑手和马匹“张贴” 在一条路线上的概念. 在这个意义上可能是根据法国 poste (15世纪末) 的模式形成的.

“传递信件的系统” 的意思来自1660年代; 1590年代有证据表明是“用于传递邮件的车辆”; 1670年代为“从某地或到某地的信件派遣”. 作为1680年代的报纸名称.

post (v.1)

“将(纸质通知, 广告等) 贴在柱子上” (在公共场所), 因此, “使人知晓, 向公众展示”, 1630年代, 来自 post (n. 1). 实现“的意思(得分, 胜利) 似乎已经开始在美国报纸体育写作, 到1949年. 相关链接: Posted; posting.

post (v.2)

在记账中, “从日账转为正式账目, 在账簿上做记号”, 1620年代, 来自 post (n. 2), 通过邮马“搬运” 的形象意义. 相关链接: Posted; posting.

post (v.3)

“通过邮政系统发送”, 1837年, 来自 post (n. 3). 更早的“用马匹接力旅行” (1530年代), 因此“快速骑马” (1560年代). 相关链接: Posted; posting.

post (v.4)

“交保释金”, 1781年, 来自其中一个名词 post, 但哪一个不确定. 相关链接: Posted; posting.

post (v.5)

“驻扎在某地”, 1680年代, 来自 post (n. 2) “值班时的地方”. 相关链接: Posted; posting.

post (adv.)

1540s, “用驿马”, 因此, “迅速”; 特别是在 to ride post “迅速地走” 这句话中, 来自 post (n. 3) “每隔一段时间就派驻骑手和马匹”.

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Definitions of post from WordNet
1
post (v.)
affix in a public place or for public notice;
post a warning
post (v.)
publicize with, or as if with, a poster;
I'll post the news on the bulletin board
post (v.)
assign to a post; put into a post;
The newspaper posted him in Timbuktu
post (v.)
assign to a station;
Synonyms: station / send / place
post (v.)
display, as of records in sports games;
post (v.)
enter on a public list;
post (v.)
transfer (entries) from one account book to another;
Synonyms: carry
post (v.)
ride Western style and bob up and down in the saddle in rhythm with a horse's trotting gait;
post (v.)
mark with a stake;
Synonyms: stake
post (v.)
place so as to be noticed;
post a warning at the dump
post a sign
Synonyms: put up
post (v.)
cause to be directed or transmitted to another place;
Synonyms: mail / send
post (v.)
mark or expose as infamous;
Synonyms: brand
2
post (n.)
the position where someone (as a guard or sentry) stands or is assigned to stand;
a soldier manned the entrance post
Synonyms: station
post (n.)
military installation at which a body of troops is stationed;
this military post provides an important source of income for the town nearby
there is an officer's club on the post
Synonyms: military post
post (n.)
a job in an organization;
he occupied a post in the treasury
Synonyms: position / berth / office / spot / billet / place / situation
post (n.)
an upright consisting of a piece of timber or metal fixed firmly in an upright position;
he set a row of posts in the ground and strung barbwire between them
post (n.)
any particular collection of letters or packages that is delivered;
she was opening her post
is there any post for me?
Synonyms: mail
post (n.)
a pole or stake set up to mark something (as the start or end of a race track);
a pair of posts marked the goal
Synonyms: stake
post (n.)
the system whereby messages are transmitted via the post office;
in England they call mail `the post'
Synonyms: mail / mail service / postal service
post (n.)
the delivery and collection of letters and packages;
if you hurry you'll catch the post
it came by the first post
3
Post (n.)
United States aviator who in 1933 made the first solo flight around the world (1899-1935);
Synonyms: Wiley Post
Post (n.)
United States female author who wrote a book and a syndicated newspaper column on etiquette (1872-1960);
Synonyms: Emily Post / Emily Price Post
Post (n.)
United States manufacturer of breakfast cereals and Postum (1854-1914);
Synonyms: C. W. Post / Charles William Post
From wordnet.princeton.edu