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port (n.1)

"海湾、小湾、进水口或大水体的凹处,船只可以在那里装卸,并找到躲避风暴的地方;港口,无论是天然的还是人工的。"古英语 port "港口、港湾,是船只为装卸而经常停留的地方;"也有"城镇、集镇、城市",古法语 port "港湾、港口;山口"加强。古英语和古法语的词都来自拉丁语 portus "港口、港湾",形象地讲是"避风港、避难所、庇护所"(在古拉丁语中也是"房子;"在晚期拉丁语中也是"仓库"),原为"入口、通道",类似于 porta "城门、门、门",来自于PIE *prtu- "去路、通道",后缀形式为词根 *per- (2)"引导、通过"。

[I]in law , a place where persons and merchandise are allowed to pass into and out of the realm and at which customs officers are stationed for the purpose of inspecting or appraising imported goods. In this sense a port may exist on the frontier, where the foreign communication is by land. [Century Dictionary]

"避难的地方、位置或条件"的形象意义,在15世纪初的英语中就有证据;短句 any port in a storm 到1749年,有"逆境中欢迎任何避难所"的记录。A port of call (1810年)是指船只在航行过程中按计划访问的人。动词的意思是"携带或带入港口",到1610年代。

port (n.2)

14世纪(13世纪中叶在姓氏中), porte ,"一扇门,一个地方的入口,一个门户;一个城市或堡垒的大门",也有在具体的门的名称中,来自古法语 porte "门,入口",来自拉丁语 porta "城门,大门;门,入口",类似于 portus "港口",来自PIE词根 *per- (2)"引导,通过"。古英语中偶尔也有这种意义的 port ,来自拉丁语,但中英语词似乎是通过法语新借来的。

14世纪中叶就有"舷窗,船舷上的一个开口"的意思,在老式军舰上,是船舷上的一个嵌入物,大炮通过这个嵌入物指向船舷。医学意义上的"某物进入身体的地方"到1908年可能是 portal 的简称。在计算机中,"信号进入或离开数据传输系统的地方",到1979年,从早期在电子学中的使用(1953年)为"信号进入或离开网络或设备的一对终端",这也可能是 portal 的简称。

port (n.3)

"bearing,mien,carriage,demeanor,deportment",14世纪 ,来自古法语 port "carriage demeanor",来自 porter "to carry",来自拉丁语 portare "to carry"(来源 port (v.2)),来自PIE根 *per- (2)"to lead,pass over"。从15世纪作为"外貌";到15世纪20年代,在现在的"国家、风格、建制"意义上。

port (n.4)

"船的左侧"(从船尾向前看),1540年代,可能来自"面向港口的一侧"的概念(船舶停靠时);因此来自 port (n.1)。在旧式船舶上,舵桨在右侧,因此他们会在另一侧的码头上停靠。它在常用中取代了 larboard ,以避免与 starboard 混淆;1844年的海军部命令和1846年的美国海军部通知正式如此。到1857年作为形容词。

U. S. Navy Department, Washington, Feb. 18, 1846.
It having been repeatedly represented to the Department that confusion arises from the use of the words "larboard" and "starboard"' in consequence of their similarity of sound, the word "port" is hereafter to be substituted for "larboard." George Bancroft, Sec. of the Navy.

The whalemen are the only class of seamen who have not adopted the term port instead of larboard, except in working ship. The larboard boat was this boat to their great-grandfathers, and it is so with the present generation. More especially is this the case in the Atlantic and South Pacific fleets; but recently the term port-boat has come into use in the Arctic fleet. [Fisheries of U.S., V. ii. 243, 1887]

port (n.5)

一种深红色的甜酒,1690年代,由 Oporto ,葡萄牙西北部的城市缩短而来,该酒最初是从该城市运往英国的;该名称原为 O Porto "港口,港湾"(见 port (n.1))。

port (v.)

"携带、承受、输送",1560年代,来自法语 porter ,来自拉丁语 portare "携带、承受、带来、输送",也可形象地表示"betoken"(也是西班牙语 portar ),类似于 porta "门、 portus ""港湾"(来自PIE *prto- ,后缀形式为根 *per- (2)"引导、通过")。意思是"以军事方式携带(步枪等)",出自1620年代。相关链接: Ported ; porting 。拉丁语动词是许多现代英语单词的来源,包括 deportexportimportreportsupportimportant ,最终, sports

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Definitions of port from WordNet
1
port (v.)
put or turn on the left side, of a ship;
port the helm
port (v.)
bring to port;
the captain ported the ship at night
port (v.)
land at or reach a port;
The ship finally ported
port (v.)
turn or go to the port or left side, of a ship;
The big ship was slowly porting
port (v.)
carry, bear, convey, or bring;
The small canoe could be ported easily
port (v.)
carry or hold with both hands diagonally across the body, especially of weapons;
port a rifle
port (v.)
drink port;
We were porting all in the club after dinner
port (v.)
modify (software) for use on a different machine or platform;
2
port (n.)
a place (seaport or airport) where people and merchandise can enter or leave a country;
port (n.)
sweet dark-red dessert wine originally from Portugal;
Synonyms: port wine
port (n.)
an opening (in a wall or ship or armored vehicle) for firing through;
Synonyms: embrasure / porthole
port (n.)
the left side of a ship or aircraft to someone who is aboard and facing the bow or nose;
Synonyms: larboard
port (n.)
(computer science) computer circuit consisting of the hardware and associated circuitry that links one device with another (especially a computer and a hard disk drive or other peripherals);
Synonyms: interface
3
port (adj.)
located on the left side of a ship or aircraft;
Synonyms: larboard
From wordnet.princeton.edu