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politics (n.)

15世纪20年代,"政府的科学和艺术",来自 politic (n.)"一个国家或政府的政治状态(15世纪初),来自古法语 politique ,中世纪拉丁语 politica ;见 politic ( adj.)。复数形式可能是仿照亚里士多德的 ta politika "国家事务"(复数),这是他关于治理和政府的书的名称,在15世纪中叶的英文是(The Book of) PolettiquesPolytykys. 也见 -ics

Politicks is the science of good sense, applied to public affairs, and, as those are forever changing, what is wisdom to-day would be folly and perhaps, ruin to-morrow. Politicks is not a science so properly as a business. It cannot have fixed principles, from which a wise man would never swerve, unless the inconstancy of men's view of interest and the capriciousness of the tempers could be fixed. [Fisher Ames (1758-1808), "British Alliance," in the Boston Repertory, November 1806]

意为"政治行动或实践",出自1640年代。意为"政治上对某人或某党的忠诚或意见"是1769年的。

Origin and meaning of politics

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Definitions of politics from WordNet

politics (n.)
social relations involving intrigue to gain authority or power;
office politics is often counterproductive
Synonyms: political relation
politics (n.)
the study of government of states and other political units;
Synonyms: political science / government
politics (n.)
the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs;
politics (n.)
the opinion you hold with respect to political questions;
Synonyms: political sympathies
politics (n.)
the activities and affairs involved in managing a state or a government;
government agencies multiplied beyond the control of representative politics
unemployment dominated the politics of the inter-war years
From wordnet.princeton.edu