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police (n.)

15世纪30年代, “对一个社区的管理和控制” (意义上类似于 policy (n. 1) ); 来自中法语 police “有组织的政府, 民政管理” (15世纪末), 来自拉丁语 politia “民政管理”, 来自希腊语 polis “城市” (见 polis).

直到19世纪中叶在英国用于“民政管理”; 应用于“公共秩序的管理, 社区的执法” (1716) 来自法语(17世纪末), 英语中原指法国或其他外国.

到1800年, 是“为维持秩序, 防止和侦查犯罪等有组织的民间力量” 的意思; 英国第一个如此命名的力量是1798年为保护伦敦港的商品而设立的水警. 意思是“受托执行法律, 侦查犯罪等职责的官员机构” 是1810年的.

In its most common acceptation, the police signifies the administration of the municipal laws and regulations of a city or incorporated town or borough by a corps of administrative or executive officers, with the necessary magistrates for the immediate use of force in compelling obedience and punishing violation of the laws, as distinguished from judicial remedies by action, etc. The primary object of the police system is the prevention of crime and the pursuit of offenders; but it is also subservient to other purposes, such as the suppression of mendicancy, the preservation of order, the removal of obstructions and nuisances, and the enforcing of those local and general laws which relate to the public health, order, safety, and comfort. [Century Dictionary, 1895]

在宪法方面: police power 是指政府限制公民自由和对私人权利实行限制和强制的权力, 特别是为了促进或保护公共福利. Police state “国家通过国家警察的方式进行监管” 最早记录于1865年, 指的是奥地利. Police action 在国际意义上, “以军事干预代替战争, 表面上是为了纠正无法无天” 是从1933年开始的. Police officer 是1794年考证的, 美国英语. Police station 是由1817年开始. Police dog 是由1908.

Origin and meaning of police

police (v.)

1580年代, “看守, 守卫或维持秩序; 治理”, 来自法语 policer, 来自 police (见 police (n.) ). 原义已经过时. 意思是“用警察的手段控制或维持秩序”, 出自1837年; 到1885年作形象化使用. 相关链接: Policed; policing.

Origin and meaning of police

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Definitions of police from WordNet
1
police (v.)
maintain the security of by carrying out a patrol;
Synonyms: patrol
2
police (n.)
the force of policemen and officers;
Synonyms: police force / constabulary / law
From wordnet.princeton.edu