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play (v.)

中古英语 pleien ,源于古英语 pleganplegian "轻快地移动,占据或忙于自己,自娱自乐;从事积极的运动;嬉戏;从事儿童游戏;做运动,嘲弄。源自西日耳曼语 *plegōjanan "占据自己"(也是古撒克逊语 plegan "担保,负责",古弗里斯兰语 plega "趋向",中荷兰语 pleyen "欢喜,高兴",德语 pflegen "照顾,培养"的来源),这显然与 plight (v.),但最终的词源不确定,语音发展也难以解释。

意为"参加"武术或竞技游戏,来自13世纪。自14世纪末开始反对 work (v.) 意为"在舞台上表演或行动"(转义),到14世纪末,"扮演"和"故弄玄虚,使人相信"以及"漫不经心地或肆无忌惮地行动"的意义也是如此。在游戏或比赛过程中"提出、移动、抛出、摆在桌子上等"的意义是到1560年代的棋子,1670年代的扑克牌。"以连续或重复的动作操作或使之操作"的意义是由1590年代。"使(录音)重现其上的东西"的意思是到了1903年,可能是来自"制作音乐"的意义。相关链接: Played ; playing

很多表达方式来自舞台、体育和游戏,或者音乐,不一定能说清楚哪个是来自哪个。要 play up "强调"出自1909年(可能原为"更有力地演奏音乐");以 play down "最小化"是从1930年开始的;到 play along "假装同意或合作"是从1929年开始的。要 play fair "善待"是15世纪中叶至 play house 作为一种儿童活动是从1958年开始的。

play for keeps 是从1861年,最初的弹珠或其他儿童游戏与代币。要 play (something) safe 是从1911年开始;到 play favorites 从1902年开始证明。 play second fiddle 在具象意义上是1809年("Gil Blas")。要 play into the hands (某人的)"以使自己的对手或第三方获得优势的方式行事"出自1705年。 play the _______ card ,见 card (n.1)。对 play the field ,见 field (n.)。 play with oneself "masturbate"是1896年的( play with "have sexual intercourse with"是13世纪中期的)。 Playing-card "一包用于玩游戏的纸牌中的一张"是1540年代的。

play (n.)

中古英语 pleie ,来自古英语 plega (西撒克逊)、 plæga (安格利安)"快速运动;娱乐、锻炼、任何轻快的活动"(后一种意义保留在 swordplay --古英语 sweordplegan --等中),来自古英语 plegan 或与之相关(见 play (v.))。

到了中古英语早期,它可以有各种不同的意思,"游戏、武术运动、儿童的活动、玩笑或戏谑、狂欢、性放纵"。物理事物中,"快速、轻快或轻巧的运动",到1620年代。

意为"戏剧性的表演",到14世纪初,也许是古英语晚期就有了证明。意思是"自由或无阻碍的运动,自由和行动的空间",机械装置等,是1650年代的。"活动、操作"的意思(1590年代),背后的表达如 in full play , come into play .体育意义上的"比赛"是从15世纪中叶开始的;"特定的演习或尝试"是从1868年开始的。

美国俚语的意思是"关注、宣传"是由1929年。要 in play 的击球等)是1788年的。 Play-by-play 在提到对比赛的跑动解说时,从1927年开始被证明。 Play on words "双关语"出自1798年。 Play-money 从1705年开始被证明为"赌博赢来的钱",到1920年被证明为"假装的钱"。

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Definitions of play from WordNet
1
play (v.)
participate in games or sport;
Pele played for the Brazilian teams in many important matches
play cards
We played hockey all afternoon
play (v.)
act or have an effect in a specified way or with a specific effect or outcome;
This development played into her hands
This factor played only a minor part in his decision
I played no role in your dismissal
play (v.)
play on an instrument;
The band played all night long
play (v.)
play a role or part;
She played the servant to her husband's master
Gielgud played Hamlet
Synonyms: act / represent
play (v.)
be at play; be engaged in playful activity; amuse oneself in a way characteristic of children;
I used to play with trucks as a little girl
The kids were playing outside all day
play (v.)
replay (as a melody);
She played the third movement very beautifully
Synonyms: spiel
play (v.)
perform music on (a musical instrument);
Can you play on this old recorder?
He plays the flute
play (v.)
pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;
She plays deaf when the news are bad
Synonyms: act / act as
play (v.)
move or seem to move quickly, lightly, or irregularly;
The spotlights played on the politicians
play (v.)
bet or wager (money);
He played $20 on the new horse
She plays the races
play (v.)
engage in recreational activities rather than work; occupy oneself in a diversion;
On weekends I play
Synonyms: recreate
play (v.)
pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity;
Let's play like I am mommy
play (v.)
emit recorded sound;
the stereo was playing Beethoven when I entered
The tape was playing for hours
play (v.)
perform on a certain location;
The prodigy played Carnegie Hall at the age of 16
She has been playing on Broadway for years
play (v.)
put (a card or piece) into play during a game, or act strategically as if in a card game;
He is playing his cards close to his chest
The Democrats still have some cards to play before they will concede the electoral victory
play (v.)
engage in an activity as if it were a game rather than take it seriously;
They played games on their opponents
play with her feelings
play the stock market
Synonyms: toy
play (v.)
behave in a certain way;
play fair
play safe
play it safe
play (v.)
cause to emit recorded audio or video;
He never tires of playing that video
I'll play you my favorite record
Synonyms: run
play (v.)
manipulate manually or in one's mind or imagination;
He played with the idea of running for the Senate
She played nervously with her wedding ring
Synonyms: toy / fiddle / diddle
play (v.)
use to one's advantage;
She plays on her clients' emotions
play (v.)
consider not very seriously;
She plays with the thought of moving to Tasmania
Synonyms: dally / trifle
play (v.)
be received or accepted or interpreted in a specific way;
This speech didn't play well with the American public
His remarks played to the suspicions of the committee
play (v.)
behave carelessly or indifferently;
Synonyms: dally / toy / flirt
play (v.)
cause to move or operate freely within a bounded space;
The engine has a wheel that is playing in a rack
play (v.)
perform on a stage or theater;
I played in `A Christmas Carol'
She acts in this play
Synonyms: act / roleplay / playact
play (v.)
be performed or presented for public viewing;
`Cats' has been playing on Broadway for many years
What's playing in the local movie theater?
play (v.)
cause to happen or to occur as a consequence;
play a joke
Synonyms: bring / work / wreak / make for
play (v.)
discharge or direct or be discharged or directed as if in a continuous stream;
The fountains played all day
play water from a hose
play (v.)
make bets;
play the casinos in Trouville
play (v.)
stake on the outcome of an issue;
She played all her money on the dark horse
Synonyms: bet / wager
play (v.)
shoot or hit in a particular manner;
She played a good backhand last night
play (v.)
use or move;
I had to play my queen
play (v.)
employ in a game or in a specific position;
They played him on first base
play (v.)
contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle;
Charlie likes to play Mary
Princeton plays Yale this weekend
Synonyms: meet / encounter / take on
play (v.)
exhaust by allowing to pull on the line;
play a hooked fish
2
play (n.)
a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage;
he wrote several plays but only one was produced on Broadway
Synonyms: drama / dramatic play
play (n.)
a theatrical performance of a drama;
the play lasted two hours
play (n.)
a preset plan of action in team sports;
the coach drew up the plays for her team
play (n.)
a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill;
the runner was out on a play by the shortstop
Synonyms: maneuver / manoeuvre
play (n.)
a state in which action is feasible;
the ball was still in play
insiders said the company's stock was in play
play (n.)
utilization or exercise;
the play of the imagination
play (n.)
an attempt to get something;
they made a futile play for power
Synonyms: bid
play (n.)
activity by children that is guided more by imagination than by fixed rules;
Freud believed in the utility of play to a small child
Synonyms: child's play
play (n.)
(in games or plays or other performances) the time during which play proceeds;
rain stopped play in the 4th inning
Synonyms: playing period / period of play
play (n.)
the removal of constraints;
they gave full play to the artist's talent
Synonyms: free rein
play (n.)
a weak and tremulous light;
the play of light on the water
Synonyms: shimmer
play (n.)
verbal wit or mockery (often at another's expense but not to be taken seriously);
Synonyms: fun / sport
play (n.)
movement or space for movement;
there was too much play in the steering wheel
Synonyms: looseness
play (n.)
gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusement;
it was all done in play
Synonyms: frolic / romp / gambol / caper
play (n.)
(game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession;
it is still my play
Synonyms: turn
play (n.)
the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize);
there was heavy play at the blackjack table
Synonyms: gambling / gaming
play (n.)
the act using a sword (or other weapon) vigorously and skillfully;
Synonyms: swordplay
From wordnet.princeton.edu