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plant (n.)

古英语 plante "幼树或灌木,新种植的草本植物,最近从种子中萌发的嫩芽或条状物",来自拉丁语 planta "萌芽、嫩枝、切割"(西班牙语 planta ,法语 plante ),这或许来自一个未经考证的动词 *plantare "用脚开进,用脚推入地面",也可能是"平地",来自 planta "脚底板",来自PIE根 *plat- "蔓延"的鼻化形式。德语 Pflanz ,爱尔兰语 cland ,威尔士语 plant 也都来自拉丁语。

更广泛的意义是"任何小的植物生命,一般的植被"(有时流行的不包括树木),"有物质组织的个体生命体,但不是动物的性质"的记录是在1550年代。

大多数扩展用法是从动词出发,在"种植的东西"的概念上;如1789年的"工业过程的建筑",起初指机械、工具、器具等,后来也指建筑;也有俚语的意思,指"一个间谍"(1812年)。其中许多是沿用了该词的法语形式的类似发展。

plant (v.)

古英语 plantian "放在或设置在地里生长"(转折性和不转折性),也有"引进和建立,第一次设置"的意思,来自拉丁语* plantare "种植,用脚开进"(见 plant (n. ))。由同源的古法语 planter ,加强。

不指种植,"牢牢地插进去",14世纪末 殖民地,"引进和建立新的定居者",来自14世纪 。比喻思想等,从15世纪初 意思是"为了一个诡秘的或秘密的目的而驻扎(某人)",到1690年代;"把(东西)放在一个隐蔽的地方,以误导后来的发现者"的意义是到1865年。在拳术俚语中,"落地、交付"(打击等)到1808年。意为"埋葬",是1855年美国的俚语,来自美国。相关链接: Planted ; planting .

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Definitions of plant from WordNet
1
plant (v.)
put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground;
Let's plant flowers in the garden
Synonyms: set
plant (v.)
fix or set securely or deeply;
He planted a knee in the back of his opponent
Synonyms: implant / engraft / embed / imbed
plant (v.)
set up or lay the groundwork for;
plant (v.)
place into a river;
plant fish
plant (v.)
place something or someone in a certain position in order to secretly observe or deceive;
plant bugs in the dissident's apartment
plant (v.)
put firmly in the mind;
Synonyms: implant
2
plant (n.)
buildings for carrying on industrial labor;
they built a large plant to manufacture automobiles
Synonyms: works / industrial plant
plant (n.)
(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion;
Synonyms: flora / plant life
plant (n.)
an actor situated in the audience whose acting is rehearsed but seems spontaneous to the audience;
plant (n.)
something planted secretly for discovery by another;
he claimed that the evidence against him was a plant
the police used a plant to trick the thieves
From wordnet.princeton.edu