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plague (n.)

14世纪末, plage, “苦难, 灾难, 邪恶, 祸害, 严重的麻烦或烦恼;” 15世纪初, “恶性疾病”, 来自古法语 plage (14世纪, 现代法语 plaie), 来自晚期拉丁语 plaga “苦难. 屠杀, 毁灭”, 在武加大版中用于“瘟疫”, 来自拉丁文 plaga “中风, 伤口”, 可能来自根 plangere “击打, 哀叹(通过击打乳房)”, 来自或同源于希腊文(多里克) plaga “打击” (来自PIE根 *plak- (2) “打击” ).

有时在中英文中也有“a strike a blow” (14世纪末). 这个拉丁词也是古爱尔兰语 plag (属性 plaige) “瘟疫, 瘟疫” 的来源, 德语 Plage, 荷兰语 plaage. 意思是“造成许多人死亡的流行病” 是1540年代的, 特别是指17世纪的鼠疫. 现代拼法沿用法语, 从15世纪开始有 plague, 弱化了“任何烦人的事” 的意义, 是从17世纪开始的.

plague (v.)

15世纪晚期(Caxton), “用疾病或其他天灾来侵扰”, 来自中荷兰语 plaghen, 来自 plaghe (n.) “瘟疫” (见 plague (n.) ). 1590年代就有“vex, 骚扰, 打扰, 烦扰” 的意思记载. 相关链接: Plagued; plaguing.

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Definitions of plague from WordNet
1
plague (n.)
a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal;
Synonyms: pestilence / pest / pestis
plague (n.)
any epidemic disease with a high death rate;
Synonyms: pestilence / pest
plague (n.)
a swarm of insects that attack plants;
a plague of grasshoppers
Synonyms: infestation
plague (n.)
any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God);
plague (n.)
an annoyance;
those children are a damn plague
2
plague (v.)
cause to suffer a blight;
Synonyms: blight
plague (v.)
annoy continually or chronically;
Synonyms: harass / hassle / harry / chivy / chivvy / chevy / chevvy / beset / molest / provoke
From wordnet.princeton.edu