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plague (n.)

14世纪末, plage ,"苦难、灾难、邪恶、祸害、严重的麻烦或烦恼;"15世纪初,"恶性疾病",来自古法语 plage (14世纪,现代法语 plaie ),来自晚期拉丁语 plaga "苦难。屠杀、毁灭",在武加大版中用于"瘟疫",来自拉丁文 plaga "中风、伤口",可能来自根 plangere "击打、哀叹(通过击打乳房)",来自或同源于希腊文(多里克) plaga "打击"(来自PIE根 *plak- (2)"打击")。

有时在中英文中也有"a strike a blow"(14世纪末)。这个拉丁词也是古爱尔兰语 plag (属性 plaige )"瘟疫、瘟疫"的来源,德语 Plage ,荷兰语 plaage 。意思是"造成许多人死亡的流行病"是1540年代的,特别是指17世纪的鼠疫。现代拼法沿用法语,从15世纪开始有 plague ,弱化了"任何烦人的事"的意义,是从17世纪开始的。

plague (v.)

15世纪晚期(Caxton),"用疾病或其他天灾来侵扰",来自中荷兰语 plaghen ,来自 plaghe (n.)"瘟疫"(见 plague (n.))。1590年代就有"vex,骚扰,打扰,烦扰"的意思记载。相关链接: Plagued ; plaguing

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Definitions of plague from WordNet
1
plague (n.)
a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal;
Synonyms: pestilence / pest / pestis
plague (n.)
any epidemic disease with a high death rate;
Synonyms: pestilence / pest
plague (n.)
a swarm of insects that attack plants;
a plague of grasshoppers
Synonyms: infestation
plague (n.)
any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God);
plague (n.)
an annoyance;
those children are a damn plague
2
plague (v.)
cause to suffer a blight;
Synonyms: blight
plague (v.)
annoy continually or chronically;
Synonyms: harass / hassle / harry / chivy / chivvy / chevy / chevvy / beset / molest / provoke
From wordnet.princeton.edu