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pet (n.1)

“被驯化或驯服的动物作为最喜爱的动物饲养”, 1530年代, 原为苏格兰和英格兰北部方言(18世纪中叶之前一直如此), 词源不明. 纵容或喜爱的孩子“(16世纪) 的意思比” 作为喜爱的动物饲养“(1530年代) 的意思稍早, 但后者可能是主要意思. 可能与 petty, 或受其影响.

Know nature's children all divide her care;
The fur that warms a monarch warm'd a bear.
While man exclaims, 'See all things for my use! '
'See man for mine! ' replies a pamper'd goose:
[Alexander Pope,” Essay on Man“]

It is an amiable part of human nature, that we should love our animals; it is even better to love them to the point of folly, than not to love them at all. [Stevie Smith,” Cats in Colour, “ 1959]

在早期的使用中, 通常是指人工饲养的羔羊(比较 cade); 但现存最早的参考文献列出了” 鹦鹉, 猴子, 孔雀, 天鹅等“. 到了1849年, 作为一种爱称. Teacher's pet 作为老师最喜欢的学生的贬义词, 从1890年开始得到证明. Pet-shop” 卖动物作为宠物饲养的商店“出自1928年.

pet (n.2)

“fit of peevishness, offense or ill-humor at feeling slighted,” 1580s, in phrase take the pet “take offense”. 也许来自 pet (n. 1), 与美式英语 that gets my goat (见 goat) 中的概念相似, 但基本概念晦涩难懂, 而且原文的表达形式使人怀疑. 也许来自于“纵容或溺爱孩子的特征” 的概念, 但OED指出, 这个词似乎原本是南方的英语词汇, 而 pet (n. 1) 是北方和苏格兰的. 也许是受无关 petulant.

pet (v.)

1620年代, “当作宠物对待”, 来自 pet (n. 1). “抚摸” 的意义最早见于1818年. 俚语意义上的“亲吻和爱抚” 来自1920年(隐含在 petting). 相关链接: Petted.

pet (adj.)

1580年代, 动物的, “宠爱, 纵容”, 来自 pet (n. 1). 对物质或非物质的东西, “宠爱, 喜爱”, 到1826年.

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Definitions of pet from WordNet
1
pet (n.)
a domesticated animal kept for companionship or amusement;
pet (n.)
a special loved one;
Synonyms: darling / favorite / favourite / dearie / deary / ducky
pet (n.)
a fit of petulance or sulkiness (especially at what is felt to be a slight);
pet (n.)
using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain);
Synonyms: positron emission tomography
2
pet (v.)
stroke or caress gently;
pet the lamb
pet (v.)
stroke or caress in an erotic manner, as during lovemaking;
3
pet (adj.)
preferred above all others and treated with partiality;
Synonyms: favored / favorite / favourite / best-loved / preferred / preferent
From wordnet.princeton.edu