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pet (n.1)

"被驯化或驯服的动物作为最喜爱的动物饲养",1530年代,原为苏格兰和英格兰北部方言(18世纪中叶之前一直如此),词源不明。纵容或喜爱的孩子"(16世纪)的意思比"作为喜爱的动物饲养"(1530年代)的意思稍早,但后者可能是主要意思。可能与 petty ,或受其影响。

Know nature's children all divide her care;
The fur that warms a monarch warm'd a bear.
While man exclaims, 'See all things for my use!'
'See man for mine!' replies a pamper'd goose:
[Alexander Pope, "Essay on Man"]

It is an amiable part of human nature, that we should love our animals; it is even better to love them to the point of folly, than not to love them at all. [Stevie Smith, "Cats in Colour," 1959]

在早期的使用中,通常是指人工饲养的羔羊(比较 cade );但现存最早的参考文献列出了"鹦鹉、猴子、孔雀、天鹅等"。到了1849年,作为一种爱称。 Teacher's pet 作为老师最喜欢的学生的贬义词,从1890年开始得到证明。 Pet-shop "卖动物作为宠物饲养的商店"出自1928年。

pet (n.2)

"fit of peevishness, offense or ill-humor at feeling slighted," 1580s, in phrase take the pet "take offense".也许来自 pet (n.1),与美式英语 that gets my goat (见 goat )中的概念相似,但基本概念晦涩难懂,而且原文的表达形式使人怀疑。也许来自于"纵容或溺爱孩子的特征"的概念,但OED指出,这个词似乎原本是南方的英语词汇,而 pet (n.1)是北方和苏格兰的。也许是受无关 petulant

pet (v.)

1620年代,"当作宠物对待",来自 pet (n.1)。"抚摸"的意义最早见于1818年。俚语意义上的"亲吻和爱抚"来自1920年(隐含在 petting )。相关链接: Petted .

pet (adj.)

1580年代,动物的,"宠爱、纵容",来自 pet (n.1)。对物质或非物质的东西,"宠爱、喜爱",到1826年。

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Definitions of pet from WordNet
1
pet (n.)
a domesticated animal kept for companionship or amusement;
pet (n.)
a special loved one;
Synonyms: darling / favorite / favourite / dearie / deary / ducky
pet (n.)
a fit of petulance or sulkiness (especially at what is felt to be a slight);
pet (n.)
using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain);
Synonyms: positron emission tomography
2
pet (v.)
stroke or caress gently;
pet the lamb
pet (v.)
stroke or caress in an erotic manner, as during lovemaking;
3
pet (adj.)
preferred above all others and treated with partiality;
Synonyms: favored / favorite / favourite / best-loved / preferred / preferent
From wordnet.princeton.edu