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perceive (v.)

14世纪, perceiven, “成为意识, 获得知识”, 特别是“通过直接经验来认识”, 经英法 parceif, 旧北法 *perceivre (旧法语 perçoivre) “感知, 注意, 看到. 认识, 理解,” 来自拉丁文 percipere “获得, 收集, 完全抓住, 占有,” 也有, 形象地讲, “用心灵把握, 学习, 理解,” 字面意思是“完全占有,” 来自 per “彻底” (见 per) + capere “掌握, 拿取,” 来自PIE根 *kap- “掌握.”

取代了古英语 ongietan. 这两个拉丁语的意义都在古法语中, 不过现代法语的主要意义 percevoir, 是字面意义, “接受, 收取” (租金, 税金等), 而英语几乎都是在隐喻意义上使用这个词. 相关链接: Perceived; perceiving.

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Definitions of perceive

perceive (v.)
to become aware of through the senses;
I could perceive the ship coming over the horizon
Synonyms: comprehend
perceive (v.)
become conscious of;
She finally perceived the futility of her protest
From wordnet.princeton.edu