people (n.)

14世纪, peple, “人类, 一般的人, 男人和女人”, 来自英法 peple, people, 古法语 pople, peupel “人民, 人口, 人群; 人类, 人类”, 来自拉丁语 populus “一个民族, 国家; 公民的身体; 众多的人, 人群, 人群”, 这个词来源不明. 根据意大利语的同源词和派生词, 如 populari “铺张浪费, 蹂躏, 掠夺, 掠夺”, Populonia, 是朱诺的姓氏, 字面意思是“保护她免受破坏的人”, 据说原意大利语词根的意思是“军队” [de Vaan]. 也有人提出了伊特鲁里亚的起源. 这个拉丁词也是西班牙语 pueblo, 意大利语 popolo. 在英语中, 它取代了本地 folk.

意为“一些不特定的人”, 来自14世纪. 意思是“组成社区的人的身体” 是14世纪中叶(英法13世纪末); 意思是“普通人, 群众” (区别于贵族) 是13世纪末. “一个人的家庭, 部落或氏族的成员” 是14世纪末.

这个词是共产主义极权国家在1920年后采用的, 据他们的反对者说, 是为了给他们的政府一种虚假的民粹主义的感觉. 它是基于这个词的政治意义, 即“整个被赋予公民权的公民体(被认为是政府权力的主权来源)”, 从1640年代开始被证实. 这也是法律用语中的意义. The People vs. 在美国根据某些法律进行起诉的案件中, “那些” (1801年).

The people are the only censors of their governors: and even their errors will tend to keep these to the true principles of their institution. To punish these errors too severely would be to suppress the only safeguard of the public liberty. The way to prevent these irregular interpositions of the people is to give them full information of their affairs thro’ the channel of the public papers, and to contrive that those papers should penetrate the whole mass of the people. [Jefferson to Edward Carrington, Jan. 16, 1787]

People of the Book “那些其宗教需要遵守一本神圣启示的书的人” (1834年), 译为阿拉伯语 Ahl al-Kitab.

people (v.)

15世纪中叶, peplen, “为(土地) 提供居民” (转义), 也是“居住, 填充, 填满或占据为居民” (不定式, 隐含在 peopled), 来自 people (n.), 否则来自古法语 popler, peupler, 来自古法语 peuple. 相关链接: Peopling.

updated on March 23, 2020

Definitions of people from WordNet
people (n.)
(plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively;
there were at least 200 people in the audience
old people
people (n.)
the body of citizens of a state or country;
the Spanish people
Synonyms: citizenry
people (n.)
members of a family line;
his people have been farmers for generations
are your people still alive?
people (n.)
the common people generally;
power to the people
Synonyms: multitude / masses / mass / hoi polloi / the great unwashed
people (v.)
fill with people;
Stalin wanted to people the empty steppes
people (v.)
furnish with people;
From, not affiliated with etymonline.