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pencil (n.)

14世纪中叶, pencel ,"一种艺术家的骆驼毛小而细的刷子",用于绘画、手稿插图等,来自古法语 pincel "艺术家的画笔"(13世纪,现代法语 pinceau ),直接来自中世纪拉丁语 pincellus ,来自拉丁语 penicillus "画家的刷子、毛笔",字面意思是"小尾巴",是 peniculus "刷子"的缩略语,本身是 penis "尾巴"的缩略语(见 penis )。

在现代铅笔或粉笔之前,小毛笔以前是用于书写的。纯石墨的笔杆(俗称 black lead )从16世纪中叶开始在英国用于标记事物,同世纪在欧洲大陆发展了用于它们的木质外壳。这时, pencil 这个词似乎从一种毛笔转变成了"石墨书写工具"。现代的粘土-石墨混合材料是19世纪初开发出来的,这种铅笔从19世纪中叶费城的Hymen L.Lipman在1858年获得了附橡皮的铅笔的专利。

贬义俚语 pencil-pusher "办公人员"出自1881年( pen-driver ,"办事员、作家"的戏称出自1820年)。 pencil neck "弱者"最早记载于1973年。 Pencil-sharpener 作为一种机械装置,用于把铅笔上的点是由1854年。

And here is a new and serviceable invention—a pencil sharpener. It is just the thing to carry in the pocket, being no larger than a lady's thimble. It sharpens a lead pencil neatly and splendidly, by means of a small blade fitted in a cap, which is turned upon the end of a pencil. A patent has been applied for. Made by Mr. W. K. Foster, of Bangor. ["The Portland Transcript," Portland, Maine, Sept. 30, 1854]

Origin and meaning of pencil

pencil (v.)

16世纪 , pencellen ,"在手稿插图中应用(金或银)";1530年代,"用铅笔笔刷标记或素描",来自 pencil (n.)。在指1760年代的铅笔。相关链接: Penciled ; penciling 。要 pencil (something) in 在1942年就有"暂且安排"的形象意义上的"安排"(基于可擦除的概念)的证明。

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Definitions of pencil from WordNet
1
pencil (n.)
a thin cylindrical pointed writing implement; a rod of marking substance encased in wood;
pencil (n.)
graphite (or a similar substance) used in such a way as to be a medium of communication;
the words were scribbled in pencil
this artist's favorite medium is pencil
pencil (n.)
a figure formed by a set of straight lines or light rays meeting at a point;
pencil (n.)
a cosmetic in a long thin stick; designed to be applied to a particular part of the face;
an eyebrow pencil
2
pencil (v.)
write, draw, or trace with a pencil;
he penciled a figure
From wordnet.princeton.edu