Etymology
Advertisement

pencil (n.)

14世纪中叶, pencel, “一种艺术家的骆驼毛小而细的刷子”, 用于绘画, 手稿插图等, 来自古法语 pincel “艺术家的画笔” (13世纪, 现代法语 pinceau), 直接来自中世纪拉丁语 pincellus, 来自拉丁语 penicillus “画家的刷子, 毛笔”, 字面意思是“小尾巴”, 是 peniculus “刷子” 的缩略语, 本身是 penis “尾巴” 的缩略语(见 penis).

在现代铅笔或粉笔之前, 小毛笔以前是用于书写的. 纯石墨的笔杆(俗称 black lead) 从16世纪中叶开始在英国用于标记事物, 同世纪在欧洲大陆发展了用于它们的木质外壳. 这时, pencil 这个词似乎从一种毛笔转变成了“石墨书写工具”. 现代的粘土-石墨混合材料是19世纪初开发出来的, 这种铅笔从19世纪中叶费城的Hymen L. Lipman在1858年获得了附橡皮的铅笔的专利.

贬义俚语 pencil-pusher “办公人员” 出自1881年(pen-driver, “办事员, 作家” 的戏称出自1820年). pencil neck “弱者” 最早记载于1973年. Pencil-sharpener 作为一种机械装置, 用于把铅笔上的点是由1854年.

And here is a new and serviceable invention—a pencil sharpener. It is just the thing to carry in the pocket, being no larger than a lady's thimble. It sharpens a lead pencil neatly and splendidly, by means of a small blade fitted in a cap, which is turned upon the end of a pencil. A patent has been applied for. Made by Mr. W. K. Foster, of Bangor. [“The Portland Transcript,” Portland, Maine, Sept. 30, 1854]

Origin and meaning of pencil

pencil (v.)

16世纪, pencellen, “在手稿插图中应用(金或银)”; 1530年代, “用铅笔笔刷标记或素描”, 来自 pencil (n.). 在指1760年代的铅笔. 相关链接: Penciled; penciling. 要 pencil (something) in 在1942年就有“暂且安排” 的形象意义上的“安排” (基于可擦除的概念) 的证明.

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of pencil
1
pencil (n.)
a thin cylindrical pointed writing implement; a rod of marking substance encased in wood;
pencil (n.)
graphite (or a similar substance) used in such a way as to be a medium of communication;
the words were scribbled in pencil
this artist's favorite medium is pencil
pencil (n.)
a figure formed by a set of straight lines or light rays meeting at a point;
pencil (n.)
a cosmetic in a long thin stick; designed to be applied to a particular part of the face;
an eyebrow pencil
2
pencil (v.)
write, draw, or trace with a pencil;
he penciled a figure
From wordnet.princeton.edu