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passion (n.)

13世纪, “基督在十字架上的苦难; 基督的死”, 来自古法语 passion “基督的激情, 肉体上的苦难” (10世纪), 来自晚期拉丁语 passionem (名词 passio) “苦难, 持久”, 来自拉丁语 pati “忍受, 经历, 体验” 的过去分词干, 这个词来源不明. 概念是“必须忍受的东西”.

到13世纪初, 这个意义被扩展到烈士的苦难, 以及一般的苦难和痛苦, 它取代了古英语 þolung (在词汇中用来渲染拉丁文 passio), 字面意思是“苦难”, 来自 þolian (v.) “忍受”. 在中古英语中有时也指“被外部事物影响或作用的状态” (14世纪末, 比较 passive).

在中古英语中也有“一种病痛, 疾病, 苦恼”; 也有“一种情绪, 欲望, 倾向, 感觉; 犯罪的欲望被认为是一种苦恼” (13世纪中叶). “强烈或激烈的情感或欲望” 的具体含义是从14世纪末开始得到证明的, 来自拉丁语晚期使用 passio, 使希腊语 pathos “痛苦”, 也是“感觉, 情感”. “性爱” 的具体含义在1580年代就已得到证明, 但该词已用于任何持久的, 控制性的情感(热心; 悲伤, 忧伤; 愤怒, 愤怒; 希望, 喜悦). “强烈的喜欢, 热情, 偏爱” 的意思是1630年代的; “非常钦佩或渴望的对象” 的意思是1732年的.

As compared with affection, the distinctive mark of passion is that it masters the mind, so that the person becomes seemingly its subject or its passive instrument, while an affection, though moving, affecting, or influencing one, still leaves him his self-control. The secondary meanings of the two words keep this difference. [Century Dictionary]

A passion-play 1843年, 德国语境) 表现了基督受难的场景. 该 passion-flower 从16世纪30年代开始如此称呼.

The name passionflower — flos passionis — arose from the supposed resemblance of the corona to the crown of thorns, and of the other parts of the flower to the nails, or wounds, while the five sepals and five petals were taken to symbolize the ten apostles — Peter. .. and Judas. .. being left out of the reckoning. [ Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1885]

Origin and meaning of passion

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Definitions of passion from WordNet
1
passion (n.)
a strong feeling or emotion;
Synonyms: passionateness
passion (n.)
the trait of being intensely emotional;
Synonyms: heat / warmth
passion (n.)
something that is desired intensely;
Synonyms: rage
passion (n.)
an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action;
Synonyms: mania / cacoethes
passion (n.)
a feeling of strong sexual desire;
passion (n.)
any object of warm affection or devotion;
he has a passion for cock fighting
Synonyms: love
2
Passion (n.)
the suffering of Jesus at the Crucifixion;
Synonyms: Passion of Christ
From wordnet.princeton.edu