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parent (n.)

15世纪初(12世纪末为姓),"母亲或父亲;前辈、祖先",来自旧法语 parent "父亲、父母、亲戚、亲属"(11世纪),直接来自拉丁语 parentem (名词 parens )"父亲或母亲、祖先",名词使用 parire 的现在分词"带来、生出、产生",来自PIE词根 *pere- (1)"产生、带来"。16世纪后开始取代本土 elder

parent (v.)

1660年代,转义,"成为或充当父母的",来自 parent (n.)。到1959年,"做父母"的不及物意义。相关链接: Parented ; parenting

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Definitions of parent from WordNet
1
parent (n.)
a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian;
parent (n.)
an organism (plant or animal) from which younger ones are obtained;
2
parent (v.)
look after a child until it is an adult;
Synonyms: rear / raise / bring up / nurture
From wordnet.princeton.edu