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parent (n.)

15世纪初(12世纪末为姓), “母亲或父亲; 前辈, 祖先”, 来自旧法语 parent “父亲, 父母, 亲戚, 亲属” (11世纪), 直接来自拉丁语 parentem (名词 parens) “父亲或母亲, 祖先”, 名词使用 parire 的现在分词“带来, 生出, 产生”, 来自PIE词根 *pere- (1) “产生, 带来”. 16世纪后开始取代本土 elder.

parent (v.)

1660年代, 转义, “成为或充当父母的”, 来自 parent (n.). 到1959年, “做父母” 的不及物意义. 相关链接: Parented; parenting.

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Definitions of parent from WordNet
1
parent (n.)
a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian;
parent (n.)
an organism (plant or animal) from which younger ones are obtained;
2
parent (v.)
look after a child until it is an adult;
Synonyms: rear / raise / bring up / nurture
From wordnet.princeton.edu