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organ (n.)

融合晚期古英语 organe ,和古法语 orgene (12世纪),都是"乐器"的意思,都来自拉丁语 organa ,复数 organum "乐器",来自希腊语 organon "制作或做的工具、工具;乐器;感觉器官、身体器官",字面意思是"用它工作的东西",来自PIE *werg-ano- ,来自根 *werg- "做"。

在古英语晚期模糊地应用于乐器;到14世纪晚期,这个词的意义(以单数和复数形式使用)缩小到现在以该名称而闻名的大型、复杂的乐器(涉及由波纹管提供的压缩空气发出声音的管子,并通过键的方式工作),尽管奥古斯丁(5世纪)知道这是拉丁文 organa 的一个特定意义。

生物学上的意思是"人或动物的身体部分适应某种功能",从14世纪末开始,从中世纪的拉丁语义 organum 。从15世纪初作为"工具、器械"。广义的、词源意义上的"执行某种功能的东西"在1540年代的英语中得到了证明。 到1788年作为"一种媒介,一种交流的工具"。 Organ-grinder ,"漫步的音乐家,在桶形琴上'研磨'音乐的人",到1803年已被证明。

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Definitions of organ from WordNet

organ (n.)
a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function;
organ (n.)
a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function;
The Census Bureau is an organ of the Commerce Department
organ (n.)
(music) an electronic simulation of a pipe organ;
Synonyms: electric organ / electronic organ / Hammond organ
organ (n.)
a periodical that is published by a special interest group;
the organ of the communist party
organ (n.)
wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard;
Synonyms: pipe organ
organ (n.)
a free-reeded instrument with a piano keyboard in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows;
Synonyms: harmonium / reed organ
From wordnet.princeton.edu