Etymology
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organ (n.)

融合晚期古英语 organe, 和古法语 orgene (12世纪), 都是“乐器” 的意思, 都来自拉丁语 organa, 复数 organum “乐器”, 来自希腊语 organon “制作或做的工具, 工具; 乐器; 感觉器官, 身体器官”, 字面意思是“用它工作的东西”, 来自PIE *werg-ano-, 来自根 *werg- “做”.

在古英语晚期模糊地应用于乐器; 到14世纪晚期, 这个词的意义(以单数和复数形式使用) 缩小到现在以该名称而闻名的大型, 复杂的乐器(涉及由波纹管提供的压缩空气发出声音的管子, 并通过键的方式工作), 尽管奥古斯丁(5世纪) 知道这是拉丁文 organa 的一个特定意义.

生物学上的意思是“人或动物的身体部分适应某种功能”, 从14世纪末开始, 从中世纪的拉丁语义 organum. 从15世纪初作为“工具, 器械”. 广义的, 词源意义上的“执行某种功能的东西” 在1540年代的英语中得到了证明. 到1788年作为“一种媒介, 一种交流的工具”. Organ-grinder, “漫步的音乐家, 在桶形琴上'研磨'音乐的人”, 到1803年已被证明.

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Definitions of organ

organ (n.)
a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function;
organ (n.)
a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function;
The Census Bureau is an organ of the Commerce Department
organ (n.)
(music) an electronic simulation of a pipe organ;
Synonyms: electric organ / electronic organ / Hammond organ
organ (n.)
a periodical that is published by a special interest group;
the organ of the communist party
organ (n.)
wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard;
Synonyms: pipe organ
organ (n.)
a free-reeded instrument with a piano keyboard in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows;
Synonyms: harmonium / reed organ
From wordnet.princeton.edu