order (n.)

13世纪, “生活在宗教纪律下的团体”, 来自古法语 ordre “位置, 地产; 规则, 条例; 宗教秩序” (11世纪), 来自更早的 ordene, 来自拉丁语 ordinem (代名词 ordo) “行, 线, 等级; 系列, 模式, 安排, 常规”, 最初是“织布机中的一排线”, 来自古意大利语 *ordn- “行, 秩序” (来源也是 ordiri “开始编织;” 比较 primordial), 其来源不确定. Watkins认为它是PIE根 *ar- “合拢” 的变体, De Vaan认为这“在语义上很有吸引力”.

英文原词反映了中世纪的一个概念. “一个系统的部分受某些统一的, 建立的行列或比例,” 并被用于一切从建筑到天使. 古英语表达了许多相同的观念, 与 endebyrdnes. 从“形式上的处置或阵列, 有条不紊或和谐的安排” 的概念中, 产生了“适合或一致的部分搭配” 的含义(14世纪末).

意为“在(世俗) 社会中的等级”, 最早记载于14世纪. “有规律的顺序或继承” 的意义来自14世纪晚期 “命令, 指令” 的意义最早记载于1540年代, 来自“使事物保持有序” 的概念. 军事命令和荣誉命令是从十字军骑士的兄弟会发展而来的.

商业和商务意义上的“支付金钱或交付财物的书面指示” 由1837年得到证明; 作为“在餐馆里要求提供食物或饮料” 由1836年开始. 在自然史上, 作为生物的分类, 次于类, 次于科, 从1760年开始有记载. 意为“法制社会的条件”, 是从15世纪末开始的.

In order “按照适当的顺序或安排” 是15世纪的. out of order “not in proper sequence or orderly arrangement” 来自1540年代; 自20世纪以来, 主要是机械式的, 但最初并非如此(“and so home, and there find my wife mightily out of order, and reproaching of Mrs. Pierce and Knipp as wenches, and I know not what,” - Pepys, diary, Aug. 6, 1666).

短语 in order to “为了” (1650年代) 保留了“序列” 的词源概念. In short order “毫不拖延” 来自1834年, 美国英语. order of battle “为交战目的而安排和部署军队或舰队” 来自1769年. 科学/数学的 order of magnitude 是1723年的证据.

order (v.)

13世纪, ordren, “给以秩序, 排列成一排或等级”, 来自 order (n.). “设置或保持秩序” 的意义来自16世纪. 意思是“给命令或给, 权威性的指示” 是1540年代的, “命令要做, 做, 或发出” 是1763年的. 相关链接: Ordered; ordering.

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Definitions of order
order (n.)
(often plural) a command given by a superior (e.g., a military or law enforcement officer) that must be obeyed;
the British ships dropped anchor and waited for orders from London
order (n.)
a degree in a continuum of size or quantity;
it was on the order of a mile
an explosion of a low order of magnitude
Synonyms: order of magnitude
order (n.)
established customary state (especially of society);
order ruled in the streets
law and order
order (n.)
logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements;
we shall consider these questions in the inverse order of their presentation
Synonyms: ordering / ordination
order (n.)
a condition of regular or proper arrangement;
the machine is now in working order
he put his desk in order
Synonyms: orderliness
order (n.)
a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge);
a friend in New Mexico said that the order caused no trouble out there
Synonyms: decree / edict / fiat / rescript
order (n.)
a commercial document used to request someone to supply something in return for payment and providing specifications and quantities;
IBM received an order for a hundred computers
Synonyms: purchase order
order (n.)
a formal association of people with similar interests;
men from the fraternal order will staff the soup kitchen today
Synonyms: club / social club / society / guild / gild / lodge
order (n.)
a body of rules followed by an assembly;
Synonyms: rules of order / parliamentary law / parliamentary procedure
order (n.)
a group of person living under a religious rule;
the order of Saint Benedict
Synonyms: monastic order
order (n.)
(biology) taxonomic group containing one or more families;
order (n.)
a request for something to be made, supplied, or served;
I gave the waiter my order
the company's products were in such demand that they got more orders than their call center could handle
order (n.)
(architecture) one of original three styles of Greek architecture distinguished by the type of column and entablature used or a style developed from the original three by the Romans;
order (n.)
the act of putting things in a sequential arrangement;
there were mistakes in the ordering of items on the list
Synonyms: ordering
order (v.)
give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority;
She ordered him to do the shopping
Synonyms: tell / enjoin / say
order (v.)
make a request for something;
order a work stoppage
order (v.)
issue commands or orders for;
Synonyms: prescribe / dictate
order (v.)
bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations;
Synonyms: regulate / regularize / regularise / govern /
order (v.)
bring order to or into;
order (v.)
place in a certain order;
order the photos chronologically
order (v.)
appoint to a clerical posts;
Synonyms: ordain / consecrate / ordinate
order (v.)
arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events;
Synonyms: arrange / set up / put
order (v.)
assign a rank or rating to;
Synonyms: rate / rank / range / grade / place
Order (n.)
(usually plural) the status or rank or office of a Christian clergyman in an ecclesiastical hierarchy;
Synonyms: Holy Order