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novel (adj.)

"新的、奇怪的、不寻常的、以前不知道的",15世纪中叶,但1600年以前很少使用,来自古法语 novelnouvel "新的、年轻的、新鲜的、最近的;额外的;早期的、很快的"(现代法语 nouveau ,女性 nouvelle ),来自拉丁语 novellus "新的、年轻的、最近的",是 novus "新的"的缩略语(见 new )。

novel (n.)

"虚构的散文叙事",1560年代,源于意大利文 novella "短篇小说",原为"新故事、新闻",源于拉丁文 novella "新事物"(来源于法语 novelle ,法语 nouvelle ), novellus "新的、年轻的、最近的"的中性复数或女性,是 novus "新的"(见 new )的缩略语。原为"集子中的故事或短篇小说之一"(尤其是布卡丘的),后来(1630年代)为"长篇散文小说叙事或故事",这种类型的作品在此之前被称为 romance

A novel is like a violin bow; the box which gives off the sounds is the soul of the reader. [Stendhal, "Life of Henri Brulard"]

这个词在英语中使用较早,现在已经过时的意义是"新奇的东西,新的东西",而且,在复数中,"新闻,消息"(15世纪中叶),都是从旧法语 novelle

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Definitions of novel from WordNet
1
novel (n.)
an extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story;
novel (n.)
a printed and bound book that is an extended work of fiction;
his bookcases were filled with nothing but novels
he burned all the novels
2
novel (adj.)
original and of a kind not seen before;
the computer produced a completely novel proof of a well-known theorem
Synonyms: fresh / new
novel (adj.)
pleasantly new or different;
Synonyms: refreshing
From wordnet.princeton.edu