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novel (adj.)

“新的, 奇怪的, 不寻常的, 以前不知道的”, 15世纪中叶, 但1600年以前很少使用, 来自古法语 novel, nouvel “新的, 年轻的, 新鲜的, 最近的; 额外的; 早期的, 很快的” (现代法语 nouveau, 女性 nouvelle), 来自拉丁语 novellus “新的, 年轻的, 最近的”, 是 novus “新的” 的缩略语(见 new).

novel (n.)

“虚构的散文叙事”, 1560年代, 源于意大利文 novella “短篇小说”, 原为“新故事, 新闻”, 源于拉丁文 novella “新事物” (来源于法语 novelle, 法语 nouvelle), novellus “新的, 年轻的, 最近的” 的中性复数或女性, 是 novus “新的” (见 new) 的缩略语. 原为“集子中的故事或短篇小说之一” (尤其是布卡丘的), 后来(1630年代) 为“长篇散文小说叙事或故事”, 这种类型的作品在此之前被称为 romance.

A novel is like a violin bow; the box which gives off the sounds is the soul of the reader. [Stendhal, “Life of Henri Brulard” ]

这个词在英语中使用较早, 现在已经过时的意义是“新奇的东西, 新的东西”, 而且, 在复数中, “新闻, 消息” (15世纪中叶), 都是从旧法语 novelle.

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Definitions of novel
1
novel (n.)
an extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story;
novel (n.)
a printed and bound book that is an extended work of fiction;
his bookcases were filled with nothing but novels
he burned all the novels
2
novel (adj.)
original and of a kind not seen before;
the computer produced a completely novel proof of a well-known theorem
Synonyms: fresh / new
novel (adj.)
pleasantly new or different;
Synonyms: refreshing
From wordnet.princeton.edu