nostalgia (n.)

1726年,"病态地渴望回到自己的家乡或祖国,严重的思乡病被认为是一种疾病",现代拉丁语,1688年由学者约翰内斯-霍费尔(1669-1752)在巴塞尔大学的一篇论文中创造,作为德语 heimweh "思乡病"的译音(见 home + woe )。

来自希腊语 algos "痛苦、悲伤、苦恼"(见 -algia )+ nostos "回家",来自 neomai "到达某个地方,逃离、返回、回家",来自PIE *nes- "安全回家"(与古北欧语 nest "旅途的食物"、梵语 nasate "接近、加入"、德语 genesen "恢复"、哥特语 ganisan "治愈"、古英语 genesen "恢复"同源)。法文 nostalgie ,到1754年就出现在法国军队的医学手册中。


[Dr. Scheuzer] had said that the air enclosed in the bodies of his countrymen, being in Æquilibrium with a rare and light air that surrounds them, was overloaded in lower countries with an air more dense and heavier, which compressing and obstructing the capillary vessels, makes the circulation slow and difficult, and occasions many sad symptoms. [Account of the publication of "Areographia Helvetiæ" in New Memoirs of Literature, London, March 1726] 



In the first two years of the war, there were reported 2588 cases of nostalgia, and 13 deaths from this cause. These numbers scarcely express the real extent to which nostalgia influenced the sickness and mortality of the army. To the depressing influence of home-sickness must be attributed the fatal result in many cases which might otherwise have terminated favorably. ["Sanitary Memoirs of the War," U.S. Sanitary Commission, N.Y.: 1867]

转移的意义(主要的现代意义)"对过去的怀念"在1920年就有了记载,也许是来自法国文学中的这种用法 nostalgie 。对远方的思念也必然涉及到时间上的分离。

Origin and meaning of nostalgia

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Definitions of nostalgia from WordNet

nostalgia (n.)
longing for something past;