noble (adj.)

13世纪 ,"显赫的,杰出的,高等级或出身的",来自古法语 noble "高贵的出身或出身",来自拉丁语 nobilis "知名的,著名的,有声望的;优秀的,优越的,辉煌的;高出身的,出身优越的",更早的 *gnobilis ,字面意思是"可知的",来自 gnoscere "来认识的",来自PIE根 *gno- "认识"。"知名"的罗马显赫家族,提供了共和国大部分的公职人员。

辉煌、辉煌或庄严"的意思是13世纪末的意思是"值得尊敬或尊重"的意思是14世纪中叶的意思是"具有崇高的品格,具有高尚的道德品质"的意思是17世纪的意思。 Noble savage 是"原始人被认为在道德上高于文明人",这句话本身来自Dryden;这个概念在18世纪得到发展。

I am as free as Nature first made Man,
Ere the base Laws of Servitude began,
When wild in Woods the noble Savage ran.
[Dryden, "Conquest of Granada," 1672]

A noble gas (1902)因其不活泼或惰性而得名;该词在中世纪英语中曾被用于宝石、金属等,暴露在空气中时不会改变或氧化(14世纪末),与 noble "具有令人钦佩的特性"(14世纪)的意思相同。

noble (n.)

"man of rank, person of acknowledged social or political preeminence; person of rank above a commoner," 14世纪 ,来自 noble (adj.)。在古法语和拉丁语中也有相同的名词意义。从14世纪中叶开始作为英国钱币的名称,最早发行于爱德华三世统治时期。

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Definitions of noble from WordNet
noble (adj.)
impressive in appearance;
severe-looking policemen sat astride noble horses
a noble tree
Synonyms: baronial / imposing / stately
noble (adj.)
of or belonging to or constituting the hereditary aristocracy especially as derived from feudal times;
of noble birth
noble (adj.)
having or showing or indicative of high or elevated character;
a noble spirit
noble deeds
noble (adj.)
inert especially toward oxygen;
a noble gas such as helium or neon
noble metals include gold and silver and platinum
noble (n.)
a titled peer of the realm;
Synonyms: Lord / nobleman