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noble (adj.)

13世纪, “显赫的, 杰出的, 高等级或出身的”, 来自古法语 noble “高贵的出身或出身”, 来自拉丁语 nobilis “知名的, 著名的, 有声望的; 优秀的, 优越的, 辉煌的; 高出身的, 出身优越的”, 更早的 *gnobilis, 字面意思是“可知的”, 来自 gnoscere “来认识的”, 来自PIE根 *gno- “认识”. “知名” 的罗马显赫家族, 提供了共和国大部分的公职人员.

辉煌, 辉煌或庄严“的意思是13世纪末的意思是” 值得尊敬或尊重“的意思是14世纪中叶的意思是” 具有崇高的品格, 具有高尚的道德品质“的意思是17世纪的意思. Noble savage 是” 原始人被认为在道德上高于文明人“, 这句话本身来自Dryden; 这个概念在18世纪得到发展.

I am as free as Nature first made Man,
Ere the base Laws of Servitude began,
When wild in Woods the noble Savage ran.
[Dryden,” Conquest of Granada, “ 1672]

A noble gas (1902) 因其不活泼或惰性而得名; 该词在中世纪英语中曾被用于宝石, 金属等, 暴露在空气中时不会改变或氧化(14世纪末), 与 noble” 具有令人钦佩的特性“(14世纪) 的意思相同.

noble (n.)

“man of rank, person of acknowledged social or political preeminence; person of rank above a commoner,” 14世纪, 来自 noble (adj.). 在古法语和拉丁语中也有相同的名词意义. 从14世纪中叶开始作为英国钱币的名称, 最早发行于爱德华三世统治时期.

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Definitions of noble
1
noble (adj.)
impressive in appearance;
severe-looking policemen sat astride noble horses
a noble tree
Synonyms: baronial / imposing / stately
noble (adj.)
of or belonging to or constituting the hereditary aristocracy especially as derived from feudal times;
of noble birth
noble (adj.)
having or showing or indicative of high or elevated character;
a noble spirit
noble deeds
noble (adj.)
inert especially toward oxygen;
a noble gas such as helium or neon
noble metals include gold and silver and platinum
2
noble (n.)
a titled peer of the realm;
Synonyms: Lord / nobleman
From wordnet.princeton.edu