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nice (adj.)

13世纪末,"愚昧、无知、轻浮、无感",来自古法语 nice ( 12世纪)"粗心、笨拙;软弱;贫穷、需要;简单、愚蠢、愚蠢",来自拉丁语 nescius "无知、不知",字面意思是"不知道",来自 ne- "不"(来自PIE词根 *ne- "不")+ scire "知道"的词干(见 science )。"意义上的发展已经非同寻常,即使对一个形容词来说也是如此。"[Weekley]--从"胆小、心虚"(1300年前);到"挑剔、勤快"(14世纪末);到"娇艳、精致"(15世纪);到"精确、仔细"(1500年代,保留在 a nice distinctionnice and early );到"合意、愉快"(1769);到"善良、体贴"(1830)。

In many examples from the 16th and 17th centuries it is difficult to say in what particular sense the writer intended it to be taken. [OED]

到了1926年,它被宣布为"太受女士们的喜爱了,她们把它所有的个性都魅惑掉了,把它变成了一个单纯的扩散器,模糊而温和的合意"。[Fowler]

"I am sure," cried Catherine, "I did not mean to say anything wrong; but it is a nice book, and why should I not call it so?" "Very true," said Henry, "and this is a very nice day, and we are taking a very nice walk; and you are two very nice young ladies. Oh! It is a very nice word indeed! It does for everything." [Jane Austen, "Northanger Abbey," 1803]

关于感觉进化,比较 fondinnocentlewd ,也有 silly

Origin and meaning of nice

Nice

法国的地中海海港,1860年由撒丁岛割让给法国;古 Nicaea ,来自希腊文 nikaios "胜利",来自 nikē "胜利"(见 Nike )。 Nizzard "尼斯居民"来自 Nizza ,意大利语的城市名称形式。

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Definitions of nice from WordNet
1
nice (adj.)
pleasant or pleasing or agreeable in nature or appearance; "what a nice fellow you are and we all thought you so nasty"- George Meredith;
a nice day
nice manners
a nice dress
had a nice time at the party
the corn and tomatoes are nice today
a nice face
nice (adj.)
socially or conventionally correct; refined or virtuous;
a nice girl
Synonyms: decent
nice (adj.)
done with delicacy and skill;
a nice bit of craft
a job requiring nice measurements with a micrometer
a nice shot
Synonyms: skillful
nice (adj.)
excessively fastidious and easily disgusted;
too nice about his food to take to camp cooking
Synonyms: dainty / overnice / prissy / squeamish
nice (adj.)
exhibiting courtesy and politeness;
a nice gesture
Synonyms: courteous / gracious
2
Nice (n.)
a city in southeastern France on the Mediterranean; the leading resort on the French Riviera;
From wordnet.princeton.edu