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nice (adj.)

13世纪末, “愚昧, 无知, 轻浮, 无感”, 来自古法语 nice (12世纪) “粗心, 笨拙; 软弱; 贫穷, 需要; 简单, 愚蠢, 愚蠢”, 来自拉丁语 nescius “无知, 不知”, 字面意思是“不知道”, 来自 ne- “不” (来自PIE词根 *ne- “不” )+ scire “知道” 的词干(见 science). “意义上的发展已经非同寻常, 即使对一个形容词来说也是如此.” [Weekley]--从“胆小, 心虚” (1300年前); 到“挑剔, 勤快” (14世纪末); 到“娇艳, 精致” (15世纪); 到“精确, 仔细” (1500年代, 保留在 a nice distinctionnice and early); 到“合意, 愉快” (1769); 到“善良, 体贴” (1830).

In many examples from the 16th and 17th centuries it is difficult to say in what particular sense the writer intended it to be taken. [OED]

到了1926年, 它被宣布为“太受女士们的喜爱了, 她们把它所有的个性都魅惑掉了, 把它变成了一个单纯的扩散器, 模糊而温和的合意”. [Fowler]

“I am sure,” cried Catherine, “I did not mean to say anything wrong; but it is a nice book, and why should I not call it so?” “Very true,” said Henry, “and this is a very nice day, and we are taking a very nice walk; and you are two very nice young ladies. Oh! It is a very nice word indeed! It does for everything.” [Jane Austen, “Northanger Abbey,” 1803]

关于感觉进化, 比较 fond, innocent, lewd, 也有 silly.

Origin and meaning of nice

Nice

法国的地中海海港, 1860年由撒丁岛割让给法国; 古 Nicaea, 来自希腊文 nikaios “胜利”, 来自 nikē “胜利” (见 Nike). Nizzard “尼斯居民” 来自 Nizza, 意大利语的城市名称形式.

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Definitions of nice
1
nice (adj.)
pleasant or pleasing or agreeable in nature or appearance; "what a nice fellow you are and we all thought you so nasty"- George Meredith;
a nice day
nice manners
a nice dress
had a nice time at the party
the corn and tomatoes are nice today
a nice face
nice (adj.)
socially or conventionally correct; refined or virtuous;
a nice girl
Synonyms: decent
nice (adj.)
done with delicacy and skill;
a nice bit of craft
a job requiring nice measurements with a micrometer
a nice shot
Synonyms: skillful
nice (adj.)
excessively fastidious and easily disgusted;
too nice about his food to take to camp cooking
Synonyms: dainty / overnice / prissy / squeamish
nice (adj.)
exhibiting courtesy and politeness;
a nice gesture
Synonyms: courteous / gracious
2
Nice (n.)
a city in southeastern France on the Mediterranean; the leading resort on the French Riviera;
From wordnet.princeton.edu