nice (adj.)

13世纪末, “愚昧, 无知, 轻浮, 无感”, 来自古法语 nice (12世纪) “粗心, 笨拙; 软弱; 贫穷, 需要; 简单, 愚蠢, 愚蠢”, 来自拉丁语 nescius “无知, 不知”, 字面意思是“不知道”, 来自 ne- “不” (来自PIE词根 *ne- “不” )+ scire “知道” 的词干(见 science). “意义上的发展已经非同寻常, 即使对一个形容词来说也是如此.” [Weekley]--从“胆小, 心虚” (1300年前); 到“挑剔, 勤快” (14世纪末); 到“娇艳, 精致” (15世纪); 到“精确, 仔细” (1500年代, 保留在 a nice distinctionnice and early); 到“合意, 愉快” (1769); 到“善良, 体贴” (1830).

In many examples from the 16th and 17th centuries it is difficult to say in what particular sense the writer intended it to be taken. [OED]

到了1926年, 它被宣布为“太受女士们的喜爱了, 她们把它所有的个性都魅惑掉了, 把它变成了一个单纯的扩散器, 模糊而温和的合意”. [Fowler]

“I am sure,” cried Catherine, “I did not mean to say anything wrong; but it is a nice book, and why should I not call it so?” “Very true,” said Henry, “and this is a very nice day, and we are taking a very nice walk; and you are two very nice young ladies. Oh! It is a very nice word indeed! It does for everything.” [Jane Austen, “Northanger Abbey,” 1803]

关于感觉进化, 比较 fond, innocent, lewd, 也有 silly.

Origin and meaning of nice


法国的地中海海港, 1860年由撒丁岛割让给法国; 古 Nicaea, 来自希腊文 nikaios “胜利”, 来自 nikē “胜利” (见 Nike). Nizzard “尼斯居民” 来自 Nizza, 意大利语的城市名称形式.

updated on October 13, 2021

Definitions of nice from WordNet
nice (adj.)
pleasant or pleasing or agreeable in nature or appearance; "what a nice fellow you are and we all thought you so nasty"- George Meredith;
a nice day
nice manners
a nice dress
had a nice time at the party
the corn and tomatoes are nice today
a nice face
nice (adj.)
socially or conventionally correct; refined or virtuous;
a nice girl
Synonyms: decent
nice (adj.)
done with delicacy and skill;
a nice bit of craft
a job requiring nice measurements with a micrometer
a nice shot
Synonyms: skillful
nice (adj.)
excessively fastidious and easily disgusted;
too nice about his food to take to camp cooking
Synonyms: dainty / overnice / prissy / squeamish
nice (adj.)
exhibiting courtesy and politeness;
a nice gesture
Synonyms: courteous / gracious
Nice (n.)
a city in southeastern France on the Mediterranean; the leading resort on the French Riviera;
From, not affiliated with etymonline.