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Negro (n.)

1550年代, “非洲黑皮肤种族的成员”, 来自西班牙文或葡萄牙文 negro “黑色”, 来自拉丁文 nigrum (名词 niger) “黑色, 黑暗, 黑貂, 阴暗” (适用于夜空, 风暴, 肤色), 形象地说是“阴暗, 不吉利, 坏的, 邪恶的”, 据德-瓦安说是一个词源不明的词; 据沃特金斯说, 也许来自PIE *nekw-t- “夜晚”. 这个拉丁词也被应用于非洲的黑人, 但通常的说法是 AethiopsAfer.

作为1590年代的形容词. 用大写的 N- 成为20世纪初的通用词(例如1930年在“纽约时报” 风格手册中), 指的是非洲裔的美国公民, 但由于它被认为与白人强加的态度和角色有关, 这个词在20世纪60年代末被 Black (q. v.) 赶走了.

Professor Booker T. Washington, being politely interrogated. .. as to whether negroes ought to be called 'negroes' or 'members of the colored race' has replied that it has long been his own practice to write and speak of members of his race as negroes, and when using the term 'negro' as a race designation to employ the capital 'N' [Harper's Weekly, June 2, 1906]

意为“非裔美国人的白话, 即美国黑人所说的英语”, 出自1704年. 法语 nègre 是16世纪从西班牙语 negro 借来的. 更早的英语单词是 Moorblackamoor. “埃塞俄比亚人” (或许也是一般的“黑人” )的中英文单词是 blewman “蓝人”.

Origin and meaning of Negro

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Definitions of Negro
1
negro (adj.)
having skin rich in melanin pigments; ;
Synonyms: colored / coloured
2
Negro (n.)
a person with African ancestry, "Negro" and "Negroid" are archaic and pejorative today;
From wordnet.princeton.edu