Advertisement

native (adj.)

14世纪末, natif, “自然的, 天生的, 遗传的, 以自然的方式与某物相连”, 来自古法语 natif “native, 出生在; 原始的, 未被破坏的” (14世纪), 直接来自拉丁语 nativus “天生的, 由出生产生的”, 来自 natus, nasci (古拉丁语 gnasci) “出生” 的过去分词, 与 gignere “生下来” 有关, 来自PIE根 *gene- “生下来, 生出”, 衍生词指生殖和家庭和部落群体.

从15世纪初作“生于某地, 土生土长, 不是外来的或外国的”, 也作“天生的或与人有关的” (如 native land). 也从15世纪初开始用在现在已经过时的意义上, 即“被束缚; 生于奴役或农奴”. 指金属, 矿物等, “在自然界中以纯净状态出现”, 1690年代.

Native American 在提到美洲原住民时, 20世纪证明了“印第安人教育专用” 杂志的名称.

In the early 1970s, .. . activist Indians began calling themselves Native Americans (from the peyote-using Native American Church, incorporated in 1918 in Oklahoma and subsequently in other states). The newer term, aside from disassociating its users from the reservation life of the past, was a form of one-upsmanship, since it reminded whites just who was on the premises first. [Hugh Rawson, “Wicked Words” ]

native (n.)

15世纪中叶, “生在奴役中的人, 生为农奴或村夫的人”, 这个意思现在已经过时了, 来自 native (adj.), 在一些用法上来自中世纪拉丁文 nativus, 名词使用 nativus (adj.). 比较古法语 naif, 也有“出生在奴隶制中的女人” 的意思. 15世纪30年代起用作“出生在某地或某国的人”. 17世纪起适用于欧洲人掌握政治权力的非欧洲国家的原居民, 如美洲印第安人(到1630年代); 因此, 1800年起轻蔑地用来形容“当地人”. 相关内容: Natives.

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of native from WordNet
1
native (adj.)
characteristic of or existing by virtue of geographic origin;
many native artists studied abroad
the native North American sugar maple
native (adj.)
belonging to one by birth;
my native land
one's native language
native (adj.)
characteristic of or relating to people inhabiting a region from the beginning;
native Americans
Synonyms: aboriginal
native (adj.)
as found in nature in the elemental form;
native copper
2
native (n.)
an indigenous person who was born in a particular place;
the art of the natives of the northwest coast
Synonyms: indigen / indigene / aborigine / aboriginal
native (n.)
a person born in a particular place or country;
he is a native of Brazil
native (n.)
indigenous plants and animals;
From wordnet.princeton.edu