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native (adj.)

14世纪末, natif ,"自然的,天生的,遗传的,以自然的方式与某物相连",来自古法语 natif "native,出生在;原始的,未被破坏的"(14世纪),直接来自拉丁语 nativus "天生的,由出生产生的",来自 natusnasci (古拉丁语 gnasci )"出生"的过去分词,与 gignere "生下来"有关,来自PIE根 *gene- "生下来,生出",衍生词指生殖和家庭和部落群体。

从15世纪初作"生于某地,土生土长,不是外来的或外国的",也作"天生的或与人有关的"(如 native land )。也从15世纪初开始用在现在已经过时的意义上,即"被束缚;生于奴役或农奴"。指金属、矿物等,"在自然界中以纯净状态出现",1690年代。

Native American 在提到美洲原住民时,20世纪证明了"印第安人教育专用"杂志的名称。

In the early 1970s, ... activist Indians began calling themselves Native Americans (from the peyote-using Native American Church, incorporated in 1918 in Oklahoma and subsequently in other states). The newer term, aside from disassociating its users from the reservation life of the past, was a form of one-upsmanship, since it reminded whites just who was on the premises first. [Hugh Rawson, "Wicked Words"]

native (n.)

15世纪中叶,"生在奴役中的人,生为农奴或村夫的人",这个意思现在已经过时了,来自 native (adj.),在一些用法上来自中世纪拉丁文 nativus ,名词使用 nativus (adj.)。比较古法语 naif ,也有"出生在奴隶制中的女人"的意思。15世纪30年代起用作"出生在某地或某国的人"。17世纪起适用于欧洲人掌握政治权力的非欧洲国家的原居民,如美洲印第安人(到1630年代);因此,1800年起轻蔑地用来形容"当地人"。相关内容: Natives .

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Definitions of native from WordNet
1
native (adj.)
characteristic of or existing by virtue of geographic origin;
many native artists studied abroad
the native North American sugar maple
native (adj.)
belonging to one by birth;
my native land
one's native language
native (adj.)
characteristic of or relating to people inhabiting a region from the beginning;
native Americans
Synonyms: aboriginal
native (adj.)
as found in nature in the elemental form;
native copper
2
native (n.)
an indigenous person who was born in a particular place;
the art of the natives of the northwest coast
Synonyms: indigen / indigene / aborigine / aboriginal
native (n.)
a person born in a particular place or country;
he is a native of Brazil
native (n.)
indigenous plants and animals;
From wordnet.princeton.edu