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muscle (n.)

“由纤维束组成的可收缩的动物组织”, 14世纪末, “身体的肌肉”, 来自拉丁文 musculus “肌肉”, 字面意思是“小老鼠”, 是 mus “老鼠” 的缩略语(见 mouse (n.) ).

之所以这么叫, 是因为有些肌肉(尤其是肱二头肌) 的形状和动作被认为很像老鼠. 在希腊语中也有类似的说法, mys 既是“老鼠” 又是“肌肉”, 其组合形式给出了医学前缀 myo-. 也可比较古教会斯拉夫语 mysi “老鼠”, mysica “手臂”; 德语 Maus “老鼠; 肌肉”, 阿拉伯语 'adalah “肌肉”, 'adal “田鼠”; 康沃尔语 logodenfer “腿部的小腿”, 字面意思是“腿部的老鼠”. 在中古英语中, lacerte, 来自拉丁语“蜥蜴”, 也被用作肌肉的词.

Musclez & lacertez bene one selfe þing, Bot þe muscle is said to þe fourme of mouse & lacert to þe fourme of a lizard. [Guy de Chauliac, “Grande Chirurgie,” c. 1425]

因此, muscularmousy 是亲戚关系, “肌肉” 的中英文单词是 lacertous, “lizardy”. “肌肉, 力量, 膂力” 的形象意义是到1850年; “武力, 暴力, 暴力威胁” 的形象意义是1930年, 美国英语. Muscle car “hot rod” 是1969年的.

muscle (v.)

1913年, “以实力来完成”, 来自 muscle (n.). 意为“以暴力或压力胁迫”, 到1929年在美国黑社会俚语中. 相关链接: Muscled; muscling.

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Definitions of muscle
1
muscle (n.)
one of the contractile organs of the body;
Synonyms: musculus
muscle (n.)
animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells;
Synonyms: muscular tissue
muscle (n.)
a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard;
Synonyms: muscleman
muscle (n.)
authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way);
the senators used their muscle to get the party leader to resign
muscle (n.)
possessing muscular strength;
Synonyms: brawn / brawniness / muscularity / sinew / heftiness
2
muscle (v.)
make one's way by force;
He muscled his way into the office
From wordnet.princeton.edu