Advertisement

muscle (n.)

"由纤维束组成的可收缩的动物组织",14世纪末,"身体的肌肉",来自拉丁文 musculus "肌肉",字面意思是"小老鼠",是 mus "老鼠"的缩略语(见 mouse (n.))。

之所以这么叫,是因为有些肌肉(尤其是肱二头肌)的形状和动作被认为很像老鼠。在希腊语中也有类似的说法, mys 既是"老鼠"又是"肌肉",其组合形式给出了医学前缀 myo- 。也可比较古教会斯拉夫语 mysi "老鼠", mysica "手臂";德语 Maus "老鼠;肌肉",阿拉伯语 'adalah "肌肉", 'adal "田鼠";康沃尔语 logodenfer "腿部的小腿",字面意思是"腿部的老鼠"。在中古英语中, lacerte ,来自拉丁语"蜥蜴",也被用作肌肉的词。

Musclez & lacertez bene one selfe þing, Bot þe muscle is said to þe fourme of mouse & lacert to þe fourme of a lizard. [Guy de Chauliac, "Grande Chirurgie," c. 1425]

因此, muscularmousy 是亲戚关系,"肌肉"的中英文单词是 lacertous ,"lizardy"。"肌肉、力量、膂力"的形象意义是到1850年;"武力、暴力、暴力威胁"的形象意义是1930年,美国英语。 Muscle car "hot rod"是1969年的。

muscle (v.)

1913年,"以实力来完成",来自 muscle (n.)。意为"以暴力或压力胁迫",到1929年在美国黑社会俚语中。相关链接: Muscled ; muscling

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of muscle from WordNet
1
muscle (n.)
one of the contractile organs of the body;
Synonyms: musculus
muscle (n.)
animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells;
Synonyms: muscular tissue
muscle (n.)
a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard;
Synonyms: muscleman
muscle (n.)
authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way);
the senators used their muscle to get the party leader to resign
muscle (n.)
possessing muscular strength;
Synonyms: brawn / brawniness / muscularity / sinew / heftiness
2
muscle (v.)
make one's way by force;
He muscled his way into the office
From wordnet.princeton.edu