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moor (v.)

"通过或如通过缆绳、锚等将(船)固定在某一特定位置",15世纪末,可能与古英语 mærels "mooring rope"有关,经无记录 *mærian "to moor",或可能借自中低德语 moren 或中荷兰语 maren "to moor",来自西日耳曼语 *mairojan 。相关: Mooredmooring 。法语 amarrer 来自荷兰语。

Moor (n.)

"北非人,柏柏尔人,居住在巴巴里的种族之一",14世纪末,来自古法语 More ,来自中世纪拉丁语 Morus ,来自拉丁语 Maurus "毛雷塔尼亚的居民"(罗马西北非洲,现在相当于阿尔及利亚和摩洛哥北部的地区),来自希腊语 Mauros ,可能是本地人的名字,否则与 mauros "黑人"同源(但这个形容词只出现在希腊语晚期,也可能是来自人名,因为反过来)。

也适用于西班牙的阿拉伯征服者。作为相对于欧洲人而言的黑暗民族,他们的名字在中世纪是"黑人"的同义词;后来(16世纪-17世纪);作为离西欧最近的穆斯林,不分青红皂白地用于穆斯林(波斯人、阿拉伯人等),但尤其是印度的穆斯林。与荷兰语 Moor ,德语 Mohr ,丹麦语 Maurer ,西班牙语 Moro ,意大利语 Moro 。相关链接: Mooress

moor (n.)

"一片开阔的、未耕种的、或多或少高处的土地,经常被荒草覆盖",13世纪 ,来自古英语 mor "morass,沼泽",来自原日耳曼语 *mora- (也是古撒克逊语、中荷兰语、荷兰语 meer "沼泽"的来源,古高德语 muor "沼泽",也是"海",德语 Moor "沼泽",古北欧语 mörr "沼泽地", marr "海"),可能与 mere (n.1)有关,或来自根 *mer- "死",因此是"死地"。

The basic sense in place names is 'marsh', a kind of low-lying wetland possibly regarded as less fertile than mersc 'marsh.' The development of the senses 'dry heathland, barren upland' is not fully accounted for but may be due to the idea of infertility. [Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names]

因此 moor-fowl "松鸡"(16世纪); moor-hen (14世纪中叶); moor-cock (13世纪为姓)。

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Definitions of moor from WordNet
1
moor (v.)
secure in or as if in a berth or dock;
Synonyms: berth / tie up
moor (v.)
come into or dock at a wharf;
Synonyms: berth / wharf
moor (v.)
secure with cables or ropes;
moor the boat
2
moor (n.)
open land usually with peaty soil covered with heather and bracken and moss;
Synonyms: moorland
3
Moor (n.)
one of the Muslim people of north Africa; of mixed Arab and Berber descent; converted to Islam in the 8th century; conqueror of Spain in the 8th century;
From wordnet.princeton.edu