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minister (n.)

14世纪, “被奉献给基督教会服务的人, 一个教会人士.” 也是“为上级行事的代理人, 根据另一个人的授权行事的人”, 来自古法语 menistre “仆人, 侍从, 家庭工作人员, 行政人员, 音乐家, 吟游诗人” (12世纪), 直接来自拉丁语 minister (属名 ministri) “下级, 仆人, 牧师的助手” (中世纪拉丁语为“牧师” ), 来自 minus, minor “少”, 因此是“下级” (来自PIE根 *mei- (2) “小” )+比较级后缀 *-teros. 根据 magister 的模式形成(见 master (n.) ).

Minister views a man as serving a church; pastor views him as caring for a church as a shepherd cares for sheep; clergyman views him as belonging to a certain class; divine is properly one learned in theology, a theologian; parson, formerly a respectful designation, is now little better than a jocular name for a clergyman; priest regards a man as appointed to offer sacrifice. [Century Dictionary, 1895]

政治意义上的“国家的高级官员, 由一国的君主或首席裁判官任命为政府某部门的负责领导的人”, 从1620年代开始, 从“为王室提供公务服务的人” 的概念中得到证明. 1709年起作为“一国驻外外交代表”. A minister without portfolio 1841年, 在法国语境中) 具有内阁地位, 但不主管具体部门.

Origin and meaning of minister

minister (v.)

14世纪早期, ministren, “进行宗教仪式, 提供宗教服务;” 14世纪中期, “服务(食物或饮料);” 14世纪晚期, “提供服务, 援助或药物; 提供救济或补救手段” 来自古法语 menistrer “服务, 服务, 管理, 出席, 侍候”, 直接来自拉丁语 ministrare “服务, 出席, 侍候”, 来自 minister “下级, 仆人, 牧师的助手” (见 minister (n.) ). 相关链接: Ministered; ministering.

Origin and meaning of minister

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Definitions of minister from WordNet
1
minister (n.)
a person authorized to conduct religious worship;
clergymen are usually called ministers in Protestant churches
Synonyms: curate / minister of religion / parson / pastor / rector
minister (n.)
a person appointed to a high office in the government;
Synonyms: government minister
minister (n.)
a diplomat representing one government to another; ranks below ambassador;
Synonyms: diplomatic minister
minister (n.)
the job of a head of a government department;
2
minister (v.)
attend to the wants and needs of others;
I have to minister to my mother all the time
minister (v.)
work as a minister;
She is ministering in an old parish
From wordnet.princeton.edu