Advertisement

minister (n.)

14世纪 ,"被奉献给基督教会服务的人,一个教会人士。"也是"为上级行事的代理人,根据另一个人的授权行事的人",来自古法语 menistre "仆人、侍从、家庭工作人员、行政人员、音乐家、吟游诗人"(12世纪),直接来自拉丁语 minister (属名 ministri )"下级、仆人、牧师的助手"(中世纪拉丁语为"牧师"),来自 minusminor "少",因此是"下级"(来自PIE根 *mei- (2)"小")+比较级后缀 *-teros 。根据 magister 的模式形成(见 master (n.))。

Minister views a man as serving a church; pastor views him as caring for a church as a shepherd cares for sheep; clergyman views him as belonging to a certain class; divine is properly one learned in theology, a theologian; parson , formerly a respectful designation, is now little better than a jocular name for a clergyman; priest regards a man as appointed to offer sacrifice. [Century Dictionary, 1895]

政治意义上的"国家的高级官员,由一国的君主或首席裁判官任命为政府某部门的负责领导的人",从1620年代开始,从"为王室提供公务服务的人"的概念中得到证明。1709年起作为"一国驻外外交代表"。A minister without portfolio 1841年,在法国语境中)具有内阁地位,但不主管具体部门。

Origin and meaning of minister

minister (v.)

14世纪早期, ministren ,"进行宗教仪式,提供宗教服务;"14世纪中期,"服务(食物或饮料);"14世纪晚期,"提供服务、援助或药物;提供救济或补救手段"来自古法语 menistrer "服务、服务、管理、出席、侍候",直接来自拉丁语 ministrare "服务、出席、侍候",来自 minister "下级、仆人、牧师的助手"(见 minister (n.))。相关链接: Ministered ; ministering

Origin and meaning of minister

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of minister from WordNet
1
minister (n.)
a person authorized to conduct religious worship;
clergymen are usually called ministers in Protestant churches
Synonyms: curate / minister of religion / parson / pastor / rector
minister (n.)
a person appointed to a high office in the government;
Synonyms: government minister
minister (n.)
a diplomat representing one government to another; ranks below ambassador;
Synonyms: diplomatic minister
minister (n.)
the job of a head of a government department;
2
minister (v.)
attend to the wants and needs of others;
I have to minister to my mother all the time
minister (v.)
work as a minister;
She is ministering in an old parish
From wordnet.princeton.edu