Etymology
Advertisement

milk (n.)

“雌性哺乳动物乳腺分泌的不透明的白色液体, 适合于滋养幼崽”, 中英语 milk, 来自古英语 meoluc (西撒克逊语), milc (盎格鲁语), 来自原日耳曼语 *meluk- “奶” (来源也是古北欧语 mjolk, 古弗里斯兰语 melok, 古撒克逊语 miluk, 荷兰语 melk, 古高德语 miluh, 德语 Milch, 哥特语 miluks), 来自 *melk- “to milk”, 来自PIE根 *melg- “to wipe, to rub off”, 也“to stroke”. 挤奶“, 指给动物挤奶时的手部动作. 古教会斯拉夫语名词 meleko (俄语 moloko, 捷克语 mleko) 被认为是从日耳曼语中采用的.

13世纪的牛奶状植物汁液或汁液的. Milk chocolate (吃用牛奶固体制成的巧克力, 更白更甜) 的记载是1723年. milk shake 1889年起用于各种调料, 但现代版本(由牛奶, 香精等组成, 通过摇晃混合) 是20世纪30年代的. Milk tooth (1727) 将该词用于其形象意义上的” 婴儿时期“, 从17世纪至 cry over spilt milk (代表任何东西, 一旦被误用, 就无法恢复) 最早是1836年加拿大幽默家Thomas C. Haliburton写的证明. Milk and honey 是来自《旧约》中描述应许之地丰富的短语(民数记十六章13节, 旧英语 meolc and hunie). Milk of human kindness 是来自” 麦克白“(1605).

Origin and meaning of milk

milk (v.)

古英语 melcan, milcian, meolcian “从乳房或乳房中按压或抽出奶水; 给奶水, 吸吮”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *melk- “给奶水” (也是荷兰语 melken, 古高德语 melchan, 德语 melken), 来自于PIE根 *melg- “擦掉; 给奶水”. 形象化意义上的“以营利为目的的剥削” 是到1520年代. 在戏剧行话中, “试图从观众那里获得比应得的更多的笑声, 掌声等” (1939). 相关链接: Milked; milking.

Origin and meaning of milk

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of milk
1
milk (v.)
take milk from female mammals;
Cows need to be milked every morning
milk (v.)
exploit as much as possible;
I am milking this for all it's worth
milk (v.)
add milk to;
milk the tea
2
milk (n.)
a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings;
milk (n.)
produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young;
milk (n.)
any of several nutritive milklike liquids;
3
Milk (n.)
a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River;
Synonyms: Milk River
From wordnet.princeton.edu