Advertisement

metaphor (n.)

"言语的形象,通过这种方式,将一个对象的特征赋予另一个对象,与之不同但又类似或类比;通过描述性词语或短语的转移进行比较,"15世纪末, methaphoris (复数),来自法语 metaphore (旧法语 metafore ,13世纪),直接来自拉丁语 metaphora ,来自希腊语 metaphora "转移",特别是将一个词的意义转移到另一个词上,字面意思是"带过",来自 metapherein "转移,带过。改变,改变;以一种奇怪的意义来使用一个词,"来自 meta "超过,跨越"(见 meta- )+ pherein "携带,承受"(来自PIE词根 *bher- (1)"携带",也是"生孩子")。

But a metaphor is no argument, though it be sometimes the gunpowder to drive one home and imbed it in the memory. [James Russell Lowell, "Democracy," 1884]

It is a great thing, indeed, to make a proper use of the poetical forms, as also of compounds and strange words. But the greatest thing by far is to be a master of metaphor. It is the one thing that cannot be learnt from others; and it is also a sign of genius, since a good metaphor implies an intuitive perception of the similarity in dissimilars. [Aristotle, "Poetics," 1459a 3-8] 

Origin and meaning of metaphor

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of metaphor from WordNet

metaphor (n.)
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity;
From wordnet.princeton.edu