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meditation (n.)

13世纪 , meditacioun ,"沉思;虔诚的专心致志;私人的虔诚、祈祷",来自古法语 meditacion "思考、反思、研究",直接来自拉丁语 meditationem (名词性 meditatio )"一种思考、沉思",动作名词来自 meditari "沉思、思考、反思、考虑"的过去分词干,来自PIE词根 *med- "采取适当措施"的频繁形式。意为"对某一主题进行冥想的议论"是14世纪早期;意为"对某一主题进行冥想、连续冷静思考的行为"是14世纪晚期的 拉丁语动词也有较强的意义。"计划,设计,练习,排练,研究"

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Definitions of meditation from WordNet

meditation (n.)
continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature;
the habit of meditation is the basis for all real knowledge
Synonyms: speculation
meditation (n.)
(religion) contemplation of spiritual matters (usually on religious or philosophical subjects);
From wordnet.princeton.edu