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meditation (n.)

13世纪, meditacioun, “沉思; 虔诚的专心致志; 私人的虔诚, 祈祷”, 来自古法语 meditacion “思考, 反思, 研究”, 直接来自拉丁语 meditationem (名词性 meditatio) “一种思考, 沉思”, 动作名词来自 meditari “沉思, 思考, 反思, 考虑” 的过去分词干, 来自PIE词根 *med- “采取适当措施” 的频繁形式. 意为“对某一主题进行冥想的议论” 是14世纪早期; 意为“对某一主题进行冥想, 连续冷静思考的行为” 是14世纪晚期的 拉丁语动词也有较强的意义. “计划, 设计, 练习, 排练, 研究”

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Definitions of meditation from WordNet

meditation (n.)
continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature;
the habit of meditation is the basis for all real knowledge
Synonyms: speculation
meditation (n.)
(religion) contemplation of spiritual matters (usually on religious or philosophical subjects);
From wordnet.princeton.edu