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matrix (n.)

14世纪末, matrismatrice ,"子宫,子宫",来源于古法语 matrice "子宫,子宫",直接来源于拉丁语 mātrix (属性 mātricis )"怀孕的动物",在拉丁语晚期"子宫",也是"源头,起源",来源于 māter (属性 mātris )"母亲"(见 mother (n.1))。

众多的形象和技术意义都来自于"围住或给予起源"的东西的概念。一般意义上的"发展某物的地方或媒介"在1550年代就有记载;"铸造或塑造某物的模子"的意义在1620年代就有了;"嵌入或包围的质量"的意义在1640年代就有了。

数学意义上的"数量的矩形阵列(通常为正方形)"是因为它被认为是一组可以设置数量的组件。逻辑意义上的"真值的可能组合数组"是到1914年得到证明的。作为动词,在电视广播中,从1951年开始。

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Definitions of matrix from WordNet

matrix (n.)
(mathematics) a rectangular array of quantities or expressions set out by rows and columns; treated as a single element and manipulated according to rules;
matrix (n.)
(geology) a mass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embedded;
matrix (n.)
an enclosure within which something originates or develops (from the Latin for womb);
matrix (n.)
the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded;
Synonyms: intercellular substance / ground substance
matrix (n.)
the formative tissue at the base of a nail;
matrix (n.)
mold used in the production of phonograph records, type, or other relief surface;
From wordnet.princeton.edu