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market (n.)

12世纪初, “在固定时间买卖牲畜和供应品的会议, 在这种场合, 商品公开露面出售, 买家聚集购买,” 来自古北法语 market “市场, 贸易, 商业” (古法语 marchiet, 现代法语 marché), 来自拉丁语 mercatus “交易, 买卖; 贸易; 市场” (来源意大利语 mercato, 西班牙语 mercado, 荷兰语 markt, 德语 Markt), 来自 mercari “买卖, 交易, 购买” 的过去分词, 来自 merx (属词 mercis) “器皿, 商品”. 这是来自一个意大利语的词根 *merk-, 可能来自伊特鲁里亚语, 指的是经济的各个方面.

The god Mercuriu s was probably the god of exchange. According to [Walde-Hoffmann], the god's name was borrowed from Etruscan; in principle, the same is possible for the stem *merk- altogether. [de Vaan]

意思是“举行市场的公共建筑或空间”, 是13世纪末的说法. “城市, 国家或地区被认为是买卖东西的地方” 的意思是1610年代的说法. 由供求关系控制的销售“是1680年代的意思. Market-garden” 种植蔬菜上市的地块“是1789年以前的事. Market-basket” 用于运销的大篮子“是1798年以前的事. Market price” 商品在公开市场上出售时将带来的价格“是15世纪中叶的. market value” 价值建立或显示的销售“(1690年代) 是第一次证明 在约翰・洛克的著作. Market economy 是1948年的. market research 是来自1921年.

market (v.)

1630年代(不动词), “买入或卖出;” 1640年代(转折词) “带到市场上或在市场上卖出;” 来自 market (n.). 相关链接: Marketed; marketing.

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Definitions of market from WordNet
1
market (n.)
the world of commercial activity where goods and services are bought and sold;
without competition there would be no market
Synonyms: marketplace / market place
market (n.)
the customers for a particular product or service;
before they publish any book they try to determine the size of the market for it
market (n.)
a marketplace where groceries are sold;
the grocery store included a meat market
Synonyms: grocery store / grocery / food market
market (n.)
the securities markets in the aggregate;
the market always frustrates the small investor
Synonyms: securities industry
market (n.)
an area in a town where a public mercantile establishment is set up;
Synonyms: marketplace / market place / mart
2
market (v.)
engage in the commercial promotion, sale, or distribution of;
The company is marketing its new line of beauty products
market (v.)
buy household supplies;
We go marketing every Saturday
market (v.)
deal in a market;
market (v.)
make commercial;
Synonyms: commercialize / commercialise
From wordnet.princeton.edu