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mark (n.1)

"痕迹,印象",古英语 mearc (西撒克逊语), merc (默西亚语)"边界,界限;标志,地标",来自于原日耳曼语 *markō (也是古北欧语 merki "边界,标志", mörk "森林"的源头,通常标志着边界;古弗里斯兰语 merke ,哥特语 marka "边界,边界",荷兰语 merk "标志,品牌",德语 Mark "边界,边界地"),来自于PIE根 *merg- "边界,边界"。受斯堪的纳维亚语同源词影响,部分来自斯堪的纳维亚语同源词。日耳曼语被广泛借用,早期在罗马语中被借用(比较 marque ; march (n.2), marquis )。

初级意义上的"边界"到了古英语,已经通过"柱子、柱子等作为边界的标志",通过"一般的标志",然后演变为"形成标志的印象或痕迹"。意为"任何可见的痕迹或印记",由13世纪的 。意为"由不识字的人所做的十字或其他字符作为签名",是由古英语后期 。意为"画线表示比赛的起点"(如。 on your marks ... ,这是由1890年)是由1887年证明。

中古英语中"目标"的意义( 13世纪 )是 marksman ,俚语意义是"诈骗的受害者"(1883年)的概念。"标志,象征"的概念背后是"一种特性的属性,一种明显的特征"(1520年代),也是"教师给予的数字奖励"(1829年)的意思。到 make (one's) mark "获得殊荣"是到1847年。

在中世纪的英国和德国,"一个社区共同拥有的一块土地",因此,在中世纪的英国和德国。 Mark of Brandenburg 、等。

mark (n.2)

"货币或重量单位",晚期古英语 marc ,重量单位(主要是金或银),相当于约8盎司,可能来自古北欧语 mörk "重量单位",与德语 Mark ,可能最终是 mark (n.1)的衍生物,可能是"印记重量或硬币"的意思。它是英国到18世纪的一种记账单位,也许最初是由丹麦人引入的,但从来都不是某种钱币的名称。

这个词在所有的日耳曼语和罗马语中都能找到(比较古弗里斯兰语 merk ,荷兰语 mark ,中世纪拉丁语 marca ,法语 marc ( 11世纪),西班牙语和意大利语 marco );在英语中,它从18世纪开始用于指各种大陆钱币,特别是1875年首次发行的德国银币。

Mark

阳性的专有名词, Marcus (q.v.)的变形。1955年至1970年在美国出生的男婴的十大名字中。

Mark Twain 是美国作家和幽默家塞缪尔-兰霍恩-克莱门斯(1835-1910)的笔名,他曾是一名河船驾驶员;他的笔名来自于哭声 mark twain ,表示两噚深度的呼叫,从 mark (n.1)的专门意义上说,"测量的通知(一块打结的布等)在铅线上表示深度的噚"(1769)+ twain

mark (v.)

"放上标记",古英语 mearcian (西撒克逊语), merciga (安格利语)"划出边界;"在古英语晚期"做上标记或标记",来自于古日耳曼语 *markojan (来源也是古诺尔斯语 merkja ,古撒克逊语 markon "任命、观察、评论",古弗里斯语 merkia ,古高德语 marchon "限制、计划",德语 merken "标记、注意",中荷兰语和荷兰语 merken "放上标记"),来自于 mark (n.1)的词根。

受斯堪的纳维亚语同源词的影响。意思是"有一个标志"来自15世纪;"注意,观察"的意思是14世纪晚期,"指定就像通过放置一个标志,"因此"注定,"来自晚期的古英语。意思是"成为一个值得注意的特征"是1660年代的。To mark time (1833年)出自军训,原为"移动脚步,如行军,但原地不动"。

罗曼语的动词来自名词,是早期从日耳曼语借来的。古法语 merchier "标记、注意、印记、品牌",法语 marquer "标记",西班牙语 marcar ,意大利语 marcare

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Definitions of mark from WordNet
1
mark (v.)
attach a tag or label to;
Synonyms: tag / label
mark (v.)
designate as if by a mark;
This sign marks the border
mark (v.)
be a distinctive feature, attribute, or trait; sometimes in a very positive sense;
mark (v.)
celebrate by some ceremony or observation;
The citizens mark the anniversary of the revolution with a march and a parade
Synonyms: commemorate
mark (v.)
make or leave a mark on;
the scouts marked the trail
ash marked the believers' foreheads
mark (v.)
to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful;
Synonyms: stigmatize / stigmatise / brand / denounce
mark (v.)
notice or perceive;
mark my words
Synonyms: notice / note
mark (v.)
mark with a scar;
Synonyms: scar / pock / pit
mark (v.)
make small marks into the surface of;
Synonyms: score / nock
mark (v.)
establish as the highest level or best performance;
Synonyms: set
mark (v.)
make underscoring marks;
Synonyms: score
mark (v.)
remove from a list;
Synonyms: cross off / cross out / strike out / strike off
mark (v.)
put a check mark on or near or next to;
mark off the units
Synonyms: check / check off / mark off / tick off / tick
mark (v.)
assign a grade or rank to, according to one's evaluation;
mark homework
Synonyms: grade / score
mark (v.)
insert punctuation marks into;
Synonyms: punctuate
2
mark (n.)
a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance);
she made good marks in algebra
Synonyms: grade / score
mark (n.)
a distinguishing symbol;
the owner's mark was on all the sheep
Synonyms: marker / marking
mark (n.)
a reference point to shoot at;
his arrow hit the mark
Synonyms: target
mark (n.)
a visible indication made on a surface;
some previous reader had covered the pages with dozens of marks
Synonyms: print
mark (n.)
the impression created by doing something unusual or extraordinary that people notice and remember;
it was in London that he made his mark
he left an indelible mark on the American theater
mark (n.)
a symbol of disgrace or infamy; "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis;
Synonyms: stigma / brand / stain
mark (n.)
formerly the basic unit of money in Germany;
Synonyms: German mark / Deutsche Mark / Deutschmark
mark (n.)
a person who is gullible and easy to take advantage of;
Synonyms: chump / fool / gull / patsy / fall guy / sucker / soft touch / mug
mark (n.)
a written or printed symbol (as for punctuation);
his answer was just a punctuation mark
mark (n.)
a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened);
Synonyms: sign
mark (n.)
an indication of damage;
Synonyms: scratch / scrape / scar
mark (n.)
a marking that consists of lines that cross each other;
Synonyms: crisscross / cross
mark (n.)
something that exactly succeeds in achieving its goal;
hit the mark
Synonyms: bell ringer / bull's eye / home run
3
Mark (n.)
Apostle and companion of Saint Peter; assumed to be the author of the second Gospel;
Synonyms: Saint Mark / St. Mark
Mark (n.)
the shortest of the four Gospels in the New Testament;
Synonyms: Gospel According to Mark
From wordnet.princeton.edu