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mark (n.1)

“痕迹, 印象”, 古英语 mearc (西撒克逊语), merc (默西亚语) “边界, 界限; 标志, 地标”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *markō (也是古北欧语 merki “边界, 标志”, mörk “森林” 的源头, 通常标志着边界; 古弗里斯兰语 merke, 哥特语 marka “边界, 边界”, 荷兰语 merk “标志, 品牌”, 德语 Mark “边界, 边界地” ), 来自于PIE根 *merg- “边界, 边界”. 受斯堪的纳维亚语同源词影响, 部分来自斯堪的纳维亚语同源词. 日耳曼语被广泛借用, 早期在罗马语中被借用(比较 marque; march (n. 2), marquis).

初级意义上的“边界” 到了古英语, 已经通过“柱子, 柱子等作为边界的标志”, 通过“一般的标志”, 然后演变为“形成标志的印象或痕迹”. 意为“任何可见的痕迹或印记”, 由13世纪的. 意为“由不识字的人所做的十字或其他字符作为签名”, 是由古英语后期. 意为“画线表示比赛的起点” (如. on your marks . .., 这是由1890年) 是由1887年证明.

中古英语中“目标” 的意义(13世纪) 是 marksman, 俚语意义是“诈骗的受害者” (1883年) 的概念. “标志, 象征” 的概念背后是“一种特性的属性, 一种明显的特征” (1520年代), 也是“教师给予的数字奖励” (1829年) 的意思. 到 make (one's) mark “获得殊荣” 是到1847年.

在中世纪的英国和德国, “一个社区共同拥有的一块土地”, 因此, 在中世纪的英国和德国. Mark of Brandenburg, 等.

mark (n.2)

“货币或重量单位”, 晚期古英语 marc, 重量单位(主要是金或银), 相当于约8盎司, 可能来自古北欧语 mörk “重量单位”, 与德语 Mark, 可能最终是 mark (n. 1) 的衍生物, 可能是“印记重量或硬币” 的意思. 它是英国到18世纪的一种记账单位, 也许最初是由丹麦人引入的, 但从来都不是某种钱币的名称.

这个词在所有的日耳曼语和罗马语中都能找到(比较古弗里斯兰语 merk, 荷兰语 mark, 中世纪拉丁语 marca, 法语 marc (11世纪), 西班牙语和意大利语 marco); 在英语中, 它从18世纪开始用于指各种大陆钱币, 特别是1875年首次发行的德国银币.

Mark

阳性的专有名词, Marcus (q. v.) 的变形. 1955年至1970年在美国出生的男婴的十大名字中.

Mark Twain 是美国作家和幽默家塞缪尔-兰霍恩-克莱门斯(1835-1910) 的笔名, 他曾是一名河船驾驶员; 他的笔名来自于哭声 mark twain, 表示两噚深度的呼叫, 从 mark (n. 1) 的专门意义上说, “测量的通知(一块打结的布等) 在铅线上表示深度的噚” (1769) + twain.

mark (v.)

“放上标记”, 古英语 mearcian (西撒克逊语), merciga (安格利语) “划出边界;” 在古英语晚期“做上标记或标记”, 来自于古日耳曼语 *markojan (来源也是古诺尔斯语 merkja, 古撒克逊语 markon “任命, 观察, 评论”, 古弗里斯语 merkia, 古高德语 marchon “限制, 计划”, 德语 merken “标记, 注意”, 中荷兰语和荷兰语 merken “放上标记” ), 来自于 mark (n. 1) 的词根.

受斯堪的纳维亚语同源词的影响. 意思是“有一个标志” 来自15世纪; “注意, 观察” 的意思是14世纪晚期, “指定就像通过放置一个标志,” 因此“注定,” 来自晚期的古英语. 意思是“成为一个值得注意的特征” 是1660年代的. To mark time (1833年) 出自军训, 原为“移动脚步, 如行军, 但原地不动”.

罗曼语的动词来自名词, 是早期从日耳曼语借来的. 古法语 merchier “标记, 注意, 印记, 品牌”, 法语 marquer “标记”, 西班牙语 marcar, 意大利语 marcare.

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Definitions of mark from WordNet
1
mark (v.)
attach a tag or label to;
Synonyms: tag / label
mark (v.)
designate as if by a mark;
This sign marks the border
mark (v.)
be a distinctive feature, attribute, or trait; sometimes in a very positive sense;
mark (v.)
celebrate by some ceremony or observation;
The citizens mark the anniversary of the revolution with a march and a parade
Synonyms: commemorate
mark (v.)
make or leave a mark on;
the scouts marked the trail
ash marked the believers' foreheads
mark (v.)
to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful;
Synonyms: stigmatize / stigmatise / brand / denounce
mark (v.)
notice or perceive;
mark my words
Synonyms: notice / note
mark (v.)
mark with a scar;
Synonyms: scar / pock / pit
mark (v.)
make small marks into the surface of;
Synonyms: score / nock
mark (v.)
establish as the highest level or best performance;
Synonyms: set
mark (v.)
make underscoring marks;
Synonyms: score
mark (v.)
remove from a list;
Synonyms: cross off / cross out / strike out / strike off
mark (v.)
put a check mark on or near or next to;
mark off the units
Synonyms: check / check off / mark off / tick off / tick
mark (v.)
assign a grade or rank to, according to one's evaluation;
mark homework
Synonyms: grade / score
mark (v.)
insert punctuation marks into;
Synonyms: punctuate
2
mark (n.)
a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance);
she made good marks in algebra
Synonyms: grade / score
mark (n.)
a distinguishing symbol;
the owner's mark was on all the sheep
Synonyms: marker / marking
mark (n.)
a reference point to shoot at;
his arrow hit the mark
Synonyms: target
mark (n.)
a visible indication made on a surface;
some previous reader had covered the pages with dozens of marks
Synonyms: print
mark (n.)
the impression created by doing something unusual or extraordinary that people notice and remember;
it was in London that he made his mark
he left an indelible mark on the American theater
mark (n.)
a symbol of disgrace or infamy; "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis;
Synonyms: stigma / brand / stain
mark (n.)
formerly the basic unit of money in Germany;
Synonyms: German mark / Deutsche Mark / Deutschmark
mark (n.)
a person who is gullible and easy to take advantage of;
Synonyms: chump / fool / gull / patsy / fall guy / sucker / soft touch / mug
mark (n.)
a written or printed symbol (as for punctuation);
his answer was just a punctuation mark
mark (n.)
a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened);
Synonyms: sign
mark (n.)
an indication of damage;
Synonyms: scratch / scrape / scar
mark (n.)
a marking that consists of lines that cross each other;
Synonyms: crisscross / cross
mark (n.)
something that exactly succeeds in achieving its goal;
hit the mark
Synonyms: bell ringer / bull's eye / home run
3
Mark (n.)
Apostle and companion of Saint Peter; assumed to be the author of the second Gospel;
Synonyms: Saint Mark / St. Mark
Mark (n.)
the shortest of the four Gospels in the New Testament;
Synonyms: Gospel According to Mark
From wordnet.princeton.edu