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manifest (adj.)

14世纪晚期, “清楚地显露给眼睛或理解力, 公开给人看或理解,” 来自古法语 manifest “明显的, 可触摸的,” (12世纪), 或直接来自拉丁文 manifestus “明明地可理解的, 清楚的, 明显的, 明显的;” 犯罪的, “由直接证据证明的;” 犯罪者的, “被抓到的”, 可能来自 manus “手” (来自PIE词根 *man- (2) “手” )+ -festus, 这显然与 infest 的第二个元素相同.

De Vaan写道:“如果 manifestus 可以解释为'被手抓住', 那么这些含义似乎指向 -festus 的'抓住'或'攻击'”. 但他认为所提出的别有用心的联系都不令人信服, 并得出结论, 关于 infestusmanifestus, “也许必须将两者分开”. 如果不是, 意义上的发展可能是从“手抓” 到“握在手里, 摸得着”.

Manifest destiny, “that which clearly appears destined to come to pass; a future state, condition, or event which can be foreseen with certainty, or is regarded as inevitable” 大约从墨西哥战争时期开始, “那些认为美国在时间上注定要占领整个大陆的人” [《世纪词典》]就在美国政治中大量使用.

Other nations have tried to check. .. the fulfillment of our manifest destiny to overspread the Continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions. [John O'Sullivan (1813-1895), “U. S. Magazine & Democratic Review,” July 1845]

这句话显然是奥沙利文的创造, 这个概念和共和国一样古老.

Origin and meaning of manifest

manifest (v.)

14世纪末, “传播” (一个人的名声), “明目张胆地展示”, 来自 manifest (adj.), 否则来自拉丁文 manifestare “发现, 披露, 背叛”. 意为“用行动来显示”, 出自1560年代; 反义, 疾病等, “如操作中的透露”, 出自1808年. 相关链接: Manifested; manifesting.

Origin and meaning of manifest

manifest (n.)

“经核证的船舶货物清单”, 供海关使用, 1706年; 见 manifest (副词). 更早的是“公开声明” (1610年代; 比较 manifesto), 来自法语 manifeste, 动词名词来自 manifester. 更早的还是在英语中作为“a manifestation” (1560年代).

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Definitions of manifest from WordNet
1
manifest (v.)
provide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes;
The buildings in Rome manifest a high level of architectural sophistication
manifest (v.)
record in a ship's manifest;
each passenger must be manifested
manifest (v.)
reveal its presence or make an appearance;
the ghost manifests each year on the same day
2
manifest (n.)
a customs document listing the contents put on a ship or plane;
3
manifest (adj.)
clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment;
manifest disapproval
From wordnet.princeton.edu