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mania (n.)

14世纪晚期,"以兴奋和妄想为特征的精神失常",来自拉丁语晚期 mania "精神错乱,疯狂",来自希腊语 mania "疯狂,狂热;热情,激发的狂热;疯狂的激情,愤怒",与 mainesthai "发怒,发疯"、 mantis "先知"、 menos "激情,精神"有关,来源都不确定,可能来自PIE *mnyo- ,后缀形式为根 *men- (1)"思考",派生词指精神或思想的品质和状态。

Mania is manifested by psychic elevation, increased motor activity, rapid speech and the quick flight of ideas. [Scientific American, September 1973]

到了1680年代,"时尚、狂热、类似狂热的热情、急切或无法控制的欲望"的意义,来自法语 manie ,在这个意义上。有时在中古英语中本土化为 manye 。自15世纪起用作表达特定类型的疯癫的化合物中的第二个元素(如 nymphomania ,1775年; kleptomania ,1830年; megalomania ,1890年),最初是在医学拉丁语中,模仿希腊语,希腊语有几个这样的化合物,大多是后古典的: gynaikomania (妇女), hippomania (马)等。

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Definitions of mania from WordNet

mania (n.)
an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action;
Synonyms: passion / cacoethes
mania (n.)
a mood disorder; an affective disorder in which the victim tends to respond excessively and sometimes violently;
Synonyms: manic disorder
From wordnet.princeton.edu