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manage (v.)

1560年代,"处理、训练或指挥"(一匹马),来自现在已经过时的名词manage"处理或训练一匹马;马术"(见 manege ,这是它的现代复兴),来自古法语manège"马术",来自意大利语 maneggio ,来自 maneggiare "处理、触摸",特别是"控制一匹马",最终来自拉丁名词 manus "手"(来自PIE词根 *man- (2)"手")。

延伸意义为"通过行政能力控制或指挥"任何一种业务是到1570年代;意义为"用手挥舞(工具或物体)"是来自1580年代。意思是"通过努力产生效果"(因此是"成功地完成")是1732年的。Intransitive sense of "get by, carry on affairs" is suggested by 1650s, in frequent use from mid- 19 Century Related: Managed ; managingManaged economy 被1933年使用。

Manage literally implies handling, and hence primarily belongs to smaller concerns, on which one may at all times keep his hand: as, to manage a house; to manage a theater. Its essential idea is that of constant attention to details: as, only a combination of great abilities with a genius for industry can manage the affairs of an empire. [Century Dictionary]

Origin and meaning of manage

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Definitions of manage from WordNet

manage (v.)
be successful; achieve a goal;
I managed to carry the box upstairs
Synonyms: pull off / negociate / bring off / carry off
manage (v.)
be in charge of, act on, or dispose of;
She managed her parents' affairs after they got too old
Synonyms: deal / care / handle
manage (v.)
succeed in doing, achieving, or producing (something) with the limited or inadequate means available;
Synonyms: cope / get by / make out / make do / contend / grapple / deal
manage (v.)
watch and direct;
manage (v.)
achieve something by means of trickery or devious methods;
Synonyms: wangle / finagle
manage (v.)
carry on or function;
Synonyms: do
manage (v.)
handle effectively;
The young violinist didn't manage her bow very well
Synonyms: wield / handle
From wordnet.princeton.edu