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man (n.)

"属 Homo "[世纪词典],古英语 manmann "人,人(雄性或雌性);勇敢的人,英雄。"也是"仆人、附庸、被视为受他人控制的成年男性",来自于原日耳曼语 *mann- (也是古撒克逊语、瑞典语、荷兰语、古高德语 man 、古弗里斯兰语 mon 、德语 Mann 、古北欧语 maðr 、丹麦语 mand 、哥特语 manna "人"的来源),来自于PIE根 *man- (1)"人"。"复数见 men

有时与根 *men- (1)"思考"相连,这将使地义 man "有智慧的人",但并不是所有的语言学家都接受这个说法。例如,利伯曼写道:"很可能 man '人'是一个世俗化的神名",来自 Mannus [塔西佗, "Germania," 第2章],"被认为是人类的祖先"。

特定意义上的"人类的成年男性"(区别于女人或男孩)是由古英语后期(11世纪);古英语用 werwif 来区分性别,但 wer 在13世纪后期开始消失,被 man 所取代。这个词的普遍意义仍然是 mankindmanslaughter 。同样,拉丁语中也有 homo "人类"和 vir "成年男性人类",但在古拉丁语中它们合并了, homo 扩展到这两个意义上。在斯拉夫语中也发生了类似的演变,在其中一些语言中,这个词已经缩小为"丈夫"的意思。PIE还有另外两个"男人"的词根: *uiHro "freeman"(来源为梵文 vira- ,立陶宛文 vyras ,拉丁文 vir ,古爱尔兰文 fer ,哥特文 wair ;见 *wi-ro- )和 *hner "男人",这是一个比 *uiHro (来源为梵文 nar- ,亚美尼亚文 ayr ,威尔士文 ner ,希腊文 anēr ;见 *ner- (2))更有荣誉感的称号。

Man 在古英语中也是一个不定代词,"一个,人,他们"。到了13世纪,它被用来泛指"人类,人类"。作为一个熟悉的称呼词,最初往往意味着不耐烦,15世纪;因此,可能是它的使用作为一个惊喜或强调的插话,自中世纪英语,但特别是流行的20世纪初。

14世纪中叶,作为"女人的情人",从14世纪开始,作为"具有卓越男子气概的成年男性"。 Man's man , ,一个人的品质被其他男人欣赏,到了1873年。俗话说 the Man 为"老大"是到1918年。要 man or mouse "勇敢或胆怯"是1540年代的意思。意思是"下棋的棋子(特别是象棋)"来自15世纪。

Man-about-town "经常出入俱乐部、剧院和其他社交场所的休闲阶层的人"出自1734年。 Man of the world 是14世纪中叶的"世俗的人,门外汉";到15世纪初为"有经验的人,能大步走的人"。做事 as one man "一致"是14世纪末的说法

So I am as he that seythe, 'Come hyddr John, my man.' [1473]

MANTRAP, a woman's commodity. [Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," London, 1785]

At the kinges court, my brother, Ech man for himself. [Chaucer, "Knight's Tale," c. 1386]

Origin and meaning of man

man (v.)

中古英语 mannen ,源于古英语 mannian "给(堡垒、船只等)配备一个连的人",出自 man (n. )。意为"在船上占据指定位置",最早记载于1690年代。意思是"像个男人一样,用男人的方式支撑起来,勇敢地行动",来自15世纪 。要 man (something) out "扮演男人的角色,勇敢地承受自己"是16世纪60年代的事。相关链接: Manned ; manning .

Origin and meaning of man

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Definitions of man from WordNet
1
man (n.)
an adult person who is male (as opposed to a woman);
Synonyms: adult male
man (n.)
someone who serves in the armed forces; a member of a military force;
two men stood sentry duty
Synonyms: serviceman / military man / military personnel
man (n.)
the generic use of the word to refer to any human being;
it was every man for himself
man (n.)
any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage;
Synonyms: homo / human being / human
man (n.)
a male subordinate;
the chief stationed two men outside the building
he awaited word from his man in Havana
man (n.)
an adult male person who has a manly character (virile and courageous competent);
the army will make a man of you
man (n.)
a manservant who acts as a personal attendant to his employer;
Jeeves was Bertie Wooster's man
Synonyms: valet / valet de chambre / gentleman / gentleman's gentleman
man (n.)
a male person who plays a significant role (husband or lover or boyfriend) in the life of a particular woman;
she takes good care of her man
man (n.)
game equipment consisting of an object used in playing certain board games;
he taught me to set up the men on the chess board
Synonyms: piece
man (n.)
all of the living human inhabitants of the earth;
Synonyms: world / human race / humanity / humankind / human beings / humans / mankind
2
man (v.)
take charge of a certain job; occupy a certain work place;
man (v.)
provide with workers;
We cannot man all the desks
3
Man (n.)
one of the British Isles in the Irish Sea;
Synonyms: Isle of Man
From wordnet.princeton.edu